sunfish


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sunfish,

common name for members of the family Centrachidae, comprising numerous species of spiny-finned, freshwater fishes with deep, laterally flattened bodies found in temperate North America. All members of the family, which includes the black basses (genus Micropterus) and the crappies (genus Pomoxis), prefer fertile lakes with firm bottoms and build nests, which the males guard pugnaciously. The sunfishes, or breams, genus Lepomis, are smaller ( 1-4 lb/.14 kg average) members indigenous to E North America but successfully introduced in the West. Common eastern varieties are the the bluegill and green sunfishes, and the longear and common, or pumpkinseed, sunfishes, brilliantly colored with bright orange bellies. The redear and warmouth sunfishes are found in the Mississippi basin; the spotted sunfish, or stumpknocker, is a denizen of the South. The Sacramento perch, Archoplites interruptus, a native western sunfish, has been widely introduced in the W United States. The rock bass, genus Ambloplites, is indigenous to E North America. The black basses, the most important and valuable of American freshwater game fishes, are longer bodied and larger (averaging 2–3 lb/.9–1.4 kg); they include the largemouth and smallmouth black basses and the spotted bass. The crappies are the largest sunfishes, attaining a length of 1 ft (2.5 cm) and a weight of 2 lb (.9 kg). There are two species, the white crappie (P. annularis) and the black crappie or calico bass (P. nigromaculatus). The pigmy sunfishes, rarely over 1 1-2 in. (3.8 cm) long, bear an uncertain relationship to the family and are classed separately (family Elassomatidae). The totally unrelated ocean sunfish, or headfish, Mola mola, of the family Molidae, is allied to the pufferpuffer
or pufferfish,
common name for some tropical marine fish of the family Tetraodontidae. The puffers and their allies, including the boxfish, the porcupinefish, the triggerfish, and the marine sunfish form an odd group (order Tetraodontiformes).
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. Sunfishes are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Actinopterygii, order Perciformes, family Centrachidae.

sunfish

[′sən‚fish]
(vertebrate zoology)
Any of several species of marine and freshwater fishes in the families Centrarchidae and Molidae characterized by brilliant metallic skin coloration.

sunfish

1. any large plectognath fish of the family Molidae, of temperate and tropical seas, esp Mola mola, which has a large rounded compressed body, long pointed dorsal and anal fins, and a fringelike tail fin
2. any of various small predatory North American freshwater percoid fishes of the family Centrarchidae, typically having a compressed brightly coloured body
References in periodicals archive ?
Rab Nawaz, Director WWFPakistan lauded the efforts of the fishermen for releasing entangled sunfish which may be first effort of such a kind in the Indian Ocean.
Orangespotted sunfish and age-0 carp, black crappie, yellow perch, and bluegill were sampled on Jul.
The smallest depth ratio of all fish collected came from flathead catfish (0.10), while the largest depth ratio came from redear sunfish (0.37).
"All it took were two Sunfish sailboats that were ready for the landfill, a little work and a little money to get a great gunning duck boat in return," Lewis said.
salmoides, it may use nests of other sympatric, saucer-nest-building fishes, such as longear sunfish Lepomis megalotis, Rio Grande cichlids Cichlosoma cyanoguttatum, and introduced small-mouth bass Micropterus dolomieu.
Meanwhile marine biologist Jill Ireland, who is based at Swansea University, is investigating the washing up of seals, porpoises and creatures such as spiny dogfish, sunfish and Portuguese man o' war on Welsh beaches.
Jim Farren said: "I've been fishing for 14 years and have seen a lot of sunfish over the years, but nothing this size.
Green sunfish (Lepomis cyanellus) are native to the U.S.
The sunfish was spotted near St Kilda in the Outer Hebrides by the crew of the cruise boat Orca.
SUNFISH Amid banter between the two Greek owners and the customers, Sunfish serves up delicate, paper-wrapped cod, halibut, wild salmon, and shellfish.
But the annual catch sank below 10 tons three years ago after reaching a peak of 180 tons in 1995, mainly because of the introduction of alien species such as black bass and bluegill sunfish.
Harbor seals weigh about as much as the typical blind date, but at about two tons or so, the ocean sunfish is pretty hard to avoid.