sunflower


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sunflower,

any plant of the genus Helianthus of the family Asteraceae (asteraster
[Gr.,=star], common name for the Asteraceae (Compositae), the aster family, in North America, name for plants of the genus Aster, sometimes called wild asters, and for a related plant more correctly called China aster (Callistephus chinensis
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 family), annual or perennial herbs native to the New World and common throughout the United States. In cultivation, the flower heads, commonly having yellow rays, sometimes reach 1 ft (30 cm) in diameter. The common sunflower (H. annuus) is an annual, native from Minnesota to Texas and California and perhaps also in Central and South America. Native Americans cultivated the plant and found many uses for it: the nutritious seeds were eaten raw, made into a meal, or used as a source of hair oil; a yellow dye was obtained from the flower heads, and a fiber from the stalks; the roots of certain other species were eaten. Today the common sunflower is widely cultivated; Ukraine, Russia, China, Romania, and Argentina are the largest producers. The seeds are almost universally used as a poultry food and principally as the source of an oil utilized for such purposes as cooking and soapmaking; the oil cake is fed to stock. The common sunflower is the state flower of Kansas, and a sunflower is regarded as the floral emblem of Peru, where it was revered by the ancient sun worshipers. Several other species are in cultivation—some are garden flowers; the Jerusalem artichokeJerusalem artichoke,
tuberous-rooted perennial (Helianthus tuberosus) of the family Asteraceae (aster family), native to North America, where it was early cultivated by the indigenous inhabitants.
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 is a food plant. Other plants are sometimes called sunflower. Sunflowers are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Asterales, family Asteraceae.
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sunflower

sunflower

A powerful plant that can grow to 10 feet tall, bursting with a limitless supply of seeds. It gives beauty, food and attracts birds. The whole plant is edible. Tea used for lung problems and malaria. Seeds are a great food with lots of protein and health benefits. Flower petals can be eaten, and the bud can be steamed like an artichoke. The flower is best eaten in the bud stage, steamed, when it tastes similar to artichokes. Once the flower opens, the petals have a bittersweet flavor. Sunflower seeds are an excellent source of magnesium, selenium and vitamin E, which protects cell membranes. Great for skin, heart, protein. Anti-inflammatory, asthma, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, colon cancer, menopause, heart, cholesterol, blood pressure, calms nerves, muscles, detoxification, great source of B-complex vitamins, niacin.
Edible Plant Guide © 2012 Markus Rothkranz

sunflower

[′sən‚flau̇·ər]
(botany)
Helianthus annuus. An annual plant native to the United States characterized by broad, ovate leaves growing from a single, usually long (3-20 feet or 1-6 meters) stem, and large, composite flowers with yellow petals.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

sunflower

of Kansas. [Flower Symbolism: Golenpaul, 631]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

sunflower

any of several American plants of the genus Helianthus, esp H. annuus, having very tall thick stems, large flower heads with yellow rays, and seeds used as food, esp for poultry: family Asteraceae (composites)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.), which belongs to the family Compositae (Khan and Atta, 2007), is one of the most important oilseed crops worldwide (Cantamutto and Poverene, 2007; Skoric et al., 2007).
Hundreds of brightly coloured sunflower plaques bearing the names of those people remembered were 'planted' in the gardens, forming a bright and colourful carpet of yellow blooms.
"A really common misconception is that mature sunflowers follow the sun, actually, they do not," the (http://www.latimes.com/science/sciencenow/la-sci-sn-sunflowers-direction-20160804-snap-story.html) Los Angeles Times reported Harmer saying.
Sunflower seeds are rich in vitamin E, which is a vital component of your day-to-day nutritional needs.
First, Qi and her colleagues identified DNA markers to determine the possible locations of resistance genes on sunflower chromosome 13.
In many ways, the now popular sunflower does inspire the youth, especially the graduating class this summer.
HUNDREDS of sunflowers have been brightening up parts of South Wales thanks to one green fingered vicar.
The Sunflower meal is the by-product of the oil extraction process.
First came an ox-eye sunflower named Burning Hearts, which has golden-yellow flowers with a red eye, plus striking purple foliage in spring.
Among these is sunflower that has sparked a revolution of sorts against conventional crops by its sheer lucrativeness.