sunflower


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Related to sunflower: sunflower oil

sunflower,

any plant of the genus Helianthus of the family Asteraceae (asteraster
[Gr.,=star], common name for the Asteraceae (Compositae), the aster family, in North America, name for plants of the genus Aster, sometimes called wild asters, and for a related plant more correctly called China aster (Callistephus chinensis
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 family), annual or perennial herbs native to the New World and common throughout the United States. In cultivation, the flower heads, commonly having yellow rays, sometimes reach 1 ft (30 cm) in diameter. The common sunflower (H. annuus) is an annual, native from Minnesota to Texas and California and perhaps also in Central and South America. Native Americans cultivated the plant and found many uses for it: the nutritious seeds were eaten raw, made into a meal, or used as a source of hair oil; a yellow dye was obtained from the flower heads, and a fiber from the stalks; the roots of certain other species were eaten. Today the common sunflower is widely cultivated; Ukraine, Russia, China, Romania, and Argentina are the largest producers. The seeds are almost universally used as a poultry food and principally as the source of an oil utilized for such purposes as cooking and soapmaking; the oil cake is fed to stock. The common sunflower is the state flower of Kansas, and a sunflower is regarded as the floral emblem of Peru, where it was revered by the ancient sun worshipers. Several other species are in cultivation—some are garden flowers; the Jerusalem artichokeJerusalem artichoke,
tuberous-rooted perennial (Helianthus tuberosus) of the family Asteraceae (aster family), native to North America, where it was early cultivated by the indigenous inhabitants.
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 is a food plant. Other plants are sometimes called sunflower. Sunflowers are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Asterales, family Asteraceae.
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sunflower

sunflower

A powerful plant that can grow to 10 feet tall, bursting with a limitless supply of seeds. It gives beauty, food and attracts birds. The whole plant is edible. Tea used for lung problems and malaria. Seeds are a great food with lots of protein and health benefits. Flower petals can be eaten, and the bud can be steamed like an artichoke. The flower is best eaten in the bud stage, steamed, when it tastes similar to artichokes. Once the flower opens, the petals have a bittersweet flavor. Sunflower seeds are an excellent source of magnesium, selenium and vitamin E, which protects cell membranes. Great for skin, heart, protein. Anti-inflammatory, asthma, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, colon cancer, menopause, heart, cholesterol, blood pressure, calms nerves, muscles, detoxification, great source of B-complex vitamins, niacin.

sunflower

[′sən‚flau̇·ər]
(botany)
Helianthus annuus. An annual plant native to the United States characterized by broad, ovate leaves growing from a single, usually long (3-20 feet or 1-6 meters) stem, and large, composite flowers with yellow petals.

sunflower

of Kansas. [Flower Symbolism: Golenpaul, 631]

sunflower

any of several American plants of the genus Helianthus, esp H. annuus, having very tall thick stems, large flower heads with yellow rays, and seeds used as food, esp for poultry: family Asteraceae (composites)
References in periodicals archive ?
He said sunflowers were planted across the landscapes to help absorb toxic metals and radiation from the soil after the Hiroshima, Fukushima and Chernobyl nuclear disasters.
He said sunflowers was a neutral and eco-friendly solution of the problem.
Rana Ahmad Munir disclosed that 40000 acre area would be brought under sunflower cultivation in Multan division and field teams have been assigned the task to encourage farmers to opt for sunflower.
Mrs Elaine Burns, Merseyside, sent in a photo of granddaughter Darcy, eight, with a sunflower that grew to 8ft 9in.
Several experimental results showed that the oil content and oil fatty acid composition of sunflower are equally determined by genotype, weather conditions of year and agrotechnical factors (Baydar and Erbas, 2005; Joksinovic et al.
Being a potential oilseed crop, cultivation of sunflower growing in both developed and developing countries due to which this crop has emerged as an economically important crop across the globe (Skoric, 1992).
Hundreds of brightly coloured sunflower plaques bearing the names of those people remembered were 'planted' in the gardens, forming a bright and colourful carpet of yellow blooms.
A really common misconception is that mature sunflowers follow the sun, actually, they do not," the (http://www.
Maureen Thompson, Teesside Hospice chief executive said: "The Sunflower Memory Garden is such an important campaign for Teesside Hospice.
Sunflower seeds are very rich in protein and in essential fatty acids.
Filled with soft, bright paintings of furry, scampering mice and yellow sunflowers in a meadow, "Mommy's Little Sunflowers" tells the tale of Scurry and Scamp, two mice who try to replace a devoured sunflower seed to grow a plant for their mother.