superposition

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superposition

[‚sü·pər·pə′zish·ən]
(geology)
The order in which sedimentary layers are deposited, the highest being the youngest.
The process by which the layering occurs.
(mathematics)
The principle of superposition states that any given geometric figure in a euclidean space can be so moved about as not to change its size or shape.
(physics)
Addition of phenomena when the sum of two physically realizable disturbances is also physically realizable; for example, sound waves are superposable in this sense, but shock waves are not.

supercolumniation

supercolumniation: Ionic pillars on Doric
The placing of one order above another.
References in periodicals archive ?
Imagine you have an ion acting as a qubit, and it's in a superposition of 0 and 1, and you entangle it with a second ion, also 0 and 1.
Le systeme MaxMsp gere differents scenarios d'apparition ou de disparition de l'image, de meme que ces images sont choisies par le systeme de maniere aleatoire dans la banque de motifs possibles; ce qui fait que la boucle n'est jamais la meme, les superpositions d'images et d'ombres ne sont jamais identiques, ne serait-ce que dans la duree d'exposition et d'evanouissement, ce qui permet une contemplation active.
In fact, superposition is one of two basic properties of subatomic particles that researchers hope to utilize in building a quantum computer, with the other being quantum "entanglement," which Albert Einstein once derisively called "spooky action at a distance."
Because macroscopic entities become quickly entangled with environmental degrees of freedom, observers do not experience superpositions of macroscopically distinct quantum states, such as seeing a simultaneously alive and dead cat.
What distinguishes the "qubits" from classical bits is their ability to exist in superposition states.
Photosynthetic antennae -- the proteins that organize chlorophylls and other light-absorbing molecules in plants and bacteria -- support superpositions that survive for anomalously long times.
The register as a whole can be in an arbitrary superposition of the 2n base states which it can be measured to be in.
To illustrate the use of HCA alignments in combination with protein superpositions and the qualitative and quantitative information we can derive from such alignments, we show an example in Fig.
On the many worlds view, there is likewise no transition from a superposition to definite state, but rather a kind of division or splitting of reality along lines set down by the dynamics, so that each state in the apparent 'superposition' forms the basis for a different world.
Then, with the spin half-[pi] turned to lie on the horizontal plane (corresponding to the superposition of parallel and antiparallel components to the direction of the guide field), the neutrons pass through Slit 3 and enter the first resonator sample standing on a remote controlled high precision goniometer.
Grover's algorithm performs operations on a superposition of all possible search values that serve to increase the amplitude of the desired search value.
The bits of a quantum computer would be superpositions of quantum states rather than strictly defined binary states.