Superstratum

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Related to superstrata: Superstrate, Adstratum
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Superstratum

 

traces in one language of a former language, which was the language of culture, government, or interethnic communication or the language of a conquering people. The term also refers to the language exerting such influence. For example, Russian has a superstratum of Old Church Slavonic and, through it, of Middle Greek; English has a superstratum of French and Latin. The influence of a superstratum is apparent chiefly in the lexicon (in borrowings and calques) and in compound sentences and other constructions that are typical of written language.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.