Superstratum(redirected from superstrata)
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traces in one language of a former language, which was the language of culture, government, or interethnic communication or the language of a conquering people. The term also refers to the language exerting such influence. For example, Russian has a superstratum of Old Church Slavonic and, through it, of Middle Greek; English has a superstratum of French and Latin. The influence of a superstratum is apparent chiefly in the lexicon (in borrowings and calques) and in compound sentences and other constructions that are typical of written language.