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in the USSR, an activity carried out by governmental agencies to ensure that socialist legality is observed.

Procuratorial. Procuratorial supervision consists in the procurator’s office overseeing the precise execution of the law by all ministries, subordinate agencies, individual officials, and citizens of the USSR, in accordance with Article 113 of the Constitution of the USSR. All organs within the procuratorial system are obligated to take timely steps to halt any violations of the law, no matter where they may originate. The procurator-general of the USSR and the procuratorial system as a whole exercise powers of general supervision as they oversee the precise execution of the law by institutions, organizations, officials, and citizens.

The specific tasks of procuratorial supervision include bringing criminal offenders to accountability, ensuring the observation of legality in the work of all criminal investigative and preliminary court investigative agencies, ensuring the observation of legality in all court hearings of criminal and civil cases, ensuring the lawful execution of sentences, and ensuring the observation of legality in all detention facilities.

An important part of general procuratorial supervision consists in ensuring the full lawfulness of documents issued by ministries and departments and the institutions and enterprises subordinate to them, by the executive agencies of local soviets of working people’s deputies, and by cooperative and other public organizations. Where orders, instructions, decisions, directives, decrees, or other such documents conflict with the law, the procurator delivers a formal protest to the agency that issued the document or to its superior agency.

In order to perform their supervisory function, procurators have at their disposal such powers as the right to hear and decide complaints and petitions by citizens and to monitor compliance with the law at the actual site of an institution or enterprise. They may demand that necessary documents and information be submitted and that the appropriate officials and citizens explain violations of law that have occurred. The procurator may submit reports to state agencies and public organizations concerning the elimination of violations and the circumstances that fostered them. As for officials or citizens who have violated the law, the procurator assesses the nature of the violation and either brings the offender to criminal accountability or takes steps to bring the violator to administrative, disciplinary, or fiscal accountability. Where necessary the procurator seeks compensation for material damages caused through violation of the law.

Judicial. Judicial supervision refers to procedures carried out by courts to verify the legality and validity of sentences, decisions, orders, and decrees and to give judicial organs guidelines for applying legislation to cases being heard and for resolving disputes among courts. Judicial supervision is exercised when the following cases are heard: petitions for review or appeal of sentences, decisions, and orders that have not entered into force; appeals submitted within the regular supervision system by authorized officials of the procurator’s office and the court regarding sentences, orders, and decrees that have already entered into force (judicial supervision in the narrow sense of the term); and submission of the findings of procurators regarding newly discovered circumstances of any given case.

Another type of judicial supervision is carried out when the court decides certain disputes that arise in the course of state administration, such as those pertaining to incorrect inclusion in or incorrect exclusion from election lists, to fines improperly imposed on citizens for administrative offenses, or to actions brought to delete or alter entries in documents of civil status.

Administrative. Administrative supervision is an activity carried out by state administrative agencies to ensure that organizations, officials, and citizens observe rules established under governmental authority and to halt, prevent, and eliminate violations of legality in particular areas of administration. It is exercised by administrative agencies with regularly defined jurisdictions, such as ministries and state committees, and by specially created agencies such as the various state inspectorates.



The observation and inspection of construction work in order to ensure conformity with the contract documents; direction of the work, 1 by contractor’s personnel. Supervision is neither a duty nor a responsibility of the architect as part of his basic professional services.
References in periodicals archive ?
Administrative supervisors or employers have direct control over the actions of the counselors they supervise and must take necessary steps to limit this liability.
When physicians were asked to identify the types of conflict that they find most troublesome, they cited situations with peers, people they supervise, and people who hold authority over some aspect of their professional lives.
They must behave ethically and value ethical behavior in the individuals they supervise. Lastly, supervisors must teach practitioners about ethics and ethical decision making.
Each of these agencies will both post the FAQs on its web site and make them available to the financial institutions the agency supervises.
The National Board for Certified Counselors (NBCC) and the American Dance Therapy Association (ADTA) have recognized dance therapy as a specialty of counseling and have designated the Academy of Dance Therapists, Registered (ADTR) credential for dance/movement therapy signifying readiness to teach, supervise and work in private practice.
As part of a special emphasis initiative on "Public Protection Through Offender Risk Management," the symposium will examine the need to create effective tools to identify potentially violent offenders and develop strategies to supervise them.
In a statement the movement called the move "an infringement of the law, Article 39, which stipulates that any movement which has supervised previous elections, has the right to supervise current elections."
For off-site monitoring purposes, the Superintendency requires extensive reporting from the institutions it supervises, including daily, monthly, quarterly, and semiannual data covering, among other matters, consolidated financial condition, liquidity, capital adequacy, internal audit findings, and transactions with affiliates and related parties.
Although many responsible summer staff are mature beyond their years, we are still working with one of the most challenging age groups to supervise (16- to 24-year-olds at Orkila).
Most police executives, however, have only vague perceptions of their supervisors' performance, particularly in terms of their ability to develop and supervise subordinates.
However, many traditional contract therapy companies are ill-equipped to meet the needs of a subacute program which, at a minimum, require: 1) full-time staffing at the facility, 2) an on-site rehabilitation manager who can function at the level of a department head and supervise an interdisciplinary team, 3) a partnership approach with the facility that will commit necessary resources for program development, marketing, financial planning and customer service and, 4) a commitment to working within an interdisciplinary environment.
The Tubewell operators, valve man and repair teams have been directed to remain present on their duties during Eid holidays while the Directors and Deputy Directors would supervise the whole operation.