Supine

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Supine

 

a nominal (nonpredicative) verb form in Latin; the term also refers to functionally or etymologically similar forms in Rumanian, Moldavian, and a number of Slavic languages, including Old Church Slavonic, Old Czech, Slovene, and Lower Wendish. In Latin, the supine in the accusative functions as an adverb, for example, miserunt consultum (“they sent to ask”). In the ablative, it functions as an object attached to an adjective, for example, iucundus cognitu (“pleasing to know”). In the Slavic languages, the supine functions as an adverbial modifier of purpose, for example, in Old Church Slavonic cheso vidĕt” izidete (“what have you come out to see?”).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
This paper aims to clarify the categorial and syntactic status of supine forms in Romanian.
With respect to morphology, one has to define the process that accounts for the supine form.
--Clausal supine must have a prepositional subordinator; that is de `of' in most cases: (2) a.
--De `of' may not select a nominalized supine when it functions as a sentential complement: (2) (2) b.
Within a minimalist framework, this paper argues that the supine form has the -t/-s ending and lacks [PHI]-features in the lexicon.
Derivational morphology yields a specific class of nouns that have sprung from the supine form.
Supine: pictat `painting' [arrow right] Noun: pictatul `the painting'
Most deverbal nouns based on the supine have a corresponding regular noun.
The comparison between supine and infinitive deverbal nouns is relevant for at least two reasons.
Supine nouns contrast with the class of infinitive and regular nouns as follows: (4)
Indefinite articles modify infinitive nouns, as in (5b), but not supine nouns, as in (5a).
Plural is possible with infinitive nouns, as in (5d), but not with supine nouns, as in (5c).