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a means of making word forms and word bases from different roots. As a systemic phenomenon, suppletion is typical of Indo-European languages: examples are Russian ia-menia (“I”–“me”), Lithuanian aš-mane (“I”–“me”), and English “am”–“is.” Instances of suppletion also occur in languages of other genetic groups, for example, Afrikaans is-was (“are”–“was”), Turkish im-dir (“am”–“is”), and Finnish hyvä-parempi (“good”–“better”).

Suppletion in early periods of linguistic development (early suppletion) was caused by the establishment of lexical and grammatical linguistic categories. Later suppletion was caused by phonetic changes in roots and by semantic processes involving the attraction of different roots. The term “suppletion” is also used in a broader sense, to designate a means of word formation. Examples are French tomber-chute (“to fall”–“the fall”), Swedish stjäla-tjuv (“to steal”–“thief”), and English “good”–“well.”


Konetskaia, V. P. Suppletivizm v germanskikh iazykakh. Moscow, 1973. (Contains bibliography.)
Osthoff, H. Vom Suppletivwesen der indogermanischen Sprachen. Heidelberg, 1899.
Benveniste, E. “Un Fait de supplétisme lexical en indoeuropéen.” In the collection Beiträge zur Indogermanistik und Keltologie. Innsbruck, 1967.


References in periodicals archive ?
To the extent that the inflectional paradigm provides a similar, though stronger, more grammaticalized matrix for a suppletive stem, it is perhaps not inappropriate to talk of suppletion of a base of a derived form as analogous to suppletion of the stem of an inflected form.
Suppletion occurs when a particular direction is encoded by completely or partially replacing the encoding of the LOC form.
2001 "Suppletion for suppletion, or the replacement of eode by went in English", Studia Anglica Posnaniensia 36: 95-110.
For example, when Patanjali comments on Katyayana's eleventh varttika in the Paspasa and notes that one does not acquire correct speech items solely from the sutras, he adds that, on the contrary, one acquires them through an explanation of the sutras and adds that the explanation consists not only in showing the separate constituents of a sutra but also giving examples, counterexamples, and suppletions for the sutras; all these together constitute an explanation.
Therefore, we often find the notion of suppletion applicable not only to the CAs of the latter kind but also to those of the former kind.
4), or it can result from person-based suppletion in the form of the verb root (Section 3.
It is not clear whether such processes as defectivity and suppletion are recognized.
The entry does not account for the phonological restrictions to the base: the base must not begin with a vowel or with a sibilant; in these cases suppletion is possible with disor de- (Iacobini, 2004, Section 3.
In the case where "it is not possible to show a relationship between MORPHEMES through a general rule, because the forms involved have different roots", we deal with suppletion (Crystal 1980).
The double senses he speaks of should rather be explained by suppletion than by "a kind of slesa or play on meaning.
But the problem of 'r overriding both yr and y when the environment for 'r is met does not fall out from treating the selection as phonologically conditioned suppletion in a three allomorphs arrangement.
This means that if negative forms of verbs are to be handled in the same part of the grammar, suppletion alone will dictate that negation must be in the lexicon, since no kind of phonological rule will be able to handle it.