supraoptic


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supraoptic

[¦sü·prə¦äp·tik]
(anatomy)
Situated above the optic tract.
References in periodicals archive ?
As is well known, OT is produced in the supraoptic and paraventricular nuclei of the hypothalamus.
In anamniotes, the prosencephalon contains an array of tracts and commissures, such as the anterior commissure (AC), supraoptic commissure (SOT), postoptic commissure (POC), and tract of the postoptic commissure (TPOC).
ADH is synthesized by neurons of the supraoptic and paraventricular nuclei of the hypothalamus and stored in the posterior pituitary gland.
Effects of lesions in the hypothalamic paraventricular, supraoptic and suprachiasmatic nuclei on vasopressin and oxytocin in rat brain and spinal cord.
Differential colocalization of estrogen receptor beta with oxytocin and vasopressin in the paraventricular and supraoptic nuclei of the female rat brain: An immunocytochemical study.
These two neuropeptides are synthesized in magnocellular neurons (MCNs) of supraoptic (SO) and paraventricular (PV) hypothalamic nuclei and stored and released on their terminals endings at the nervous lobe of the pituitary gland.
Scientists have known for years that the hormone is released toward the end of the sleep period by neurons in the supraoptic nucleus, clusters of cells in the hypothalamus just a few millimeters from the SCN.
Insulin-like growth factor-1 inhibits adult supraoptic neurons via complementary modulation of mechanoreceptors and glycine receptors.
Axons of supraoptic and paraventricular nuclei of the hypothalamus traverse the infundibular stalk and extend into the neurohypophysis.
Analysis of VP contacts showed very few VP/ORX contacts in both grass rats and lab rats, and in both cases those contacts seemed to come from neurons of the supraoptic nucleus (SON) and the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus (PVN) rather than from the SCN (Figure 8).
Large cell bodies (magnocellular) localized in the paraventricular nuclei and supraoptic nuclei produce the hormone oxytocin, which plays a role in milk ejection, parturition, and regulation of the ovary.