References in periodicals archive ?
The balance between surface complexation (grafting) and surface phase transformation (metal phosphonate phases) [37] depends strongly on the experimental conditions.
Ohman, "Balance between surface complexation and surface phase transformation at the alumina/water interface," Langmuir, vol.
Assuming that one molar energy of nanoparticles consists of the energy of one molar bulk phase ([E.sup.b.sub.m](A)) and the energy of one molar surface phase ([E.sup.s.sub.m](A)), (the superscript b and s are used to indicate bulk phase and surface phase, resp.)
The superscripts indicate that the corresponding physical quantity is associated with the reservoir (R), or a bulk phase (L, V) or a surface phase (SL, SV, LV denoting the corresponding two-phase interfaces).
Every sample had a surface phase direct transmission factor of about 0.98.