surface state

surface state

[′sər·fəs ‚stāt]
(solid-state physics)
An electron state in a semiconductor whose wave function is restricted to a layer near the surface.
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We see particularly significant opportunities in creating detailed insights for prevailing and forecasted road surface state along entire routes for authorities, contractors, as well as connected vehicles today and increasingly autonomous vehicles in the future.
It is a half test piece (4x4x16) [cm.sup.3] obtained by fracture flexion of the initial specimen made with the mortar [M.sub.d] (reference mortar or dune sand mortar), according to the surface state sought; a substrate part which is the part of the system for repair.
In "Road Surface State Recognition Based on SVM Optimization and Image Segmentation Processing" by J.
In addition to the analysis of the cross-section area performed on the specimen, the surface state of the specimen is examined by Veeco Wyko NPFLEX optical profiler.
(1) Some references show that the size of the anchoring force is related to the length of the anchor rod, diameter of bore, diameter of the anchor rod, strength of the grouting body, surface state of the rod body, and inclination angle.
Because higher [R.sub.k] value could suppress the back-electron recombination at the Ti[O.sub.2] photoanode/electrolyte interface and then increases [V.sub.OC], in contrast, surface state and oxygen vacancy acting as recombination pathway could simultaneously decrease [R.sub.k].
It has to be pointed that respondents were not aware of that time while selecting surface state suitable for renovation.
The energy band diagrams for [Cu.sub.3]Bi[S.sub.3] and for [Cu.sub.3]Bi[S.sub.3]/[In.sub.2][S.sub.3] system show both the effect of the surface states on the surface deflection of the bands (Figure 4), causing the surface photovoltage changes observed in [Cu.sub.3]Bi[S.sub.3] films, and the effect of [Cu.sub.3]Bi[S.sub.3] surface state passivation on [Cu.sub.3]Bi[S.sub.3]/[In.sub.2][S.sub.3] system surface photovoltage, which takes place when the [In.sub.2][S.sub.3] layer is deposited on it.
Molecular dynamics simulation can prepare perfect nanoscale cylindrical model, and the preparation process would not damage the surface state, so we can cleverly avoid some experiment shortages and play a supplement and guiding role in experimental study.
The (0001) surface of Wurtzite GaN has good surface state and simple production process [16], the surface size of GaN(0001) is different, and the reconstruction is different in atomic structure [17, 18].
Studies conducted by authors (8) showed a beneficial effect of the endothermic blowing agents (Hydrocerol series) on weight reduction, surface state, shrinkage, sink marks, and warpage of molded parts from PS, ABS, and HDPE/PP, EVA/PE/TPE polymer blends.

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