surface wind

surface wind

[′sər·fəs ‚wind]
(meteorology)
The wind measured at a surface observing station; customarily, it is measured at some distance above the ground itself to minimize the distorting effects of local obstacles and terrain.

surface wind

The wind velocity of air next to the surface. Normally, it is measured at a height of 30 ft (10 m) above the surface of the ground or water. It is generally measured by an anemometer or assessed by a wind sock or another such device. See anemometer.
References in classic literature ?
The surface wind was blowing a tempest from the west.
The Authority's report states that the surface wind movement in the Red Sea is westerly to westerly northerly at speed of 18-40 km/h, while the surface wind movement in the Arabian Gulf is westerly to westerly northerly at speed of 10-35 km/h.
The authority said that the surface wind movement in the Red Sea is westerly-southerly to westerly-northerly at 16-38 km per hour, while surface wind movement in the Arabian Gulf is easterly-southerly to southerly at 14-36 km per hour.
The dominant weather system is southwesterly surface wind flow, a sign that the rainy season could be near.
The aim of this project is to determine whether and how atmosphere-wave-ocean coupling improves surface wind speed and gust forecasts associated with extratropical cyclones through improved boundary layer characteristics Our CASE partner is the Met Office and our collaboration is with the Environmental Prediction Development Team, part of Weather Science.
Meanwhile, PAGASA weather specialist Ezra Bulquerin said that residents in most parts of the country could expect a generally fair weather as the northeasterly surface wind flow stretch across Luzon and Visayas.
While numerical models of tropical cyclones (TCs) are now run at spatial resolutions capable of representing finescale details of the surface wind field, computational resources remain prohibitive for estimating highly localized damage risk, requiring many thousands of simulation-years for stability.
The General Authority of Meteorology and Environmental Protection said that surface wind and dust would limit the horizontal visibility in the western and southern parts of Riyadh, Najran, eastern parts of Asir and Al Baha areas and the Makkah and Madinah regions.
[6], Baker and Huang [7]), few studies have used the datasets to project future changes in surface wind. Notably, Pryor and Barthelmie [8] analyzed the regional model simulations in NARCAAP (Mearns et al.
Current predictive models have difficulty accurately representing key data such as ocean temperature and surface wind. The new modeling system is capable of forecasting detailed hurricane inner-core structure, as well as surface temperature and wind, ocean currents and surface waves that are crucial for improving hurricane intensity forecasts.
The northeasterly surface wind flow will affect northern and central Luzon while the easterlies will affect the rest of the country, the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (Pagasa) said Sunday.
The trough of severe tropical storm "Jelawat" affecting eastern Visayas, and the northeasterly surface wind flow affecting Luzon, will cause scattered rains over parts of the archipelago, state weather agency Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) said Sunday.