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any member of the family Embiotocidae, a large family of spiny-finned, carnivorous fishes of the perch order. Also known as seaperches and surf fish, most surfperches are found off sandy shores of the North American Pacific Coast. Two species are found off Japan and Korea, and one, the Tule perch, is found in freshwater in the Sacramento River of California. Surfperches, unlike most other marine fishes, bear live young. The various species grow to average lengths of 6 to 18 in. (15–45 cm); most are richly colored. They are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Actinopterygii, order Perciformes, family Embiotocidae.
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Cluster analysis on the number and presence/absence of the 12 most common species (excluding longjaw mudsucker, bluegill, reef surfperch, arrow goby, and yellowfin goby) resulted in two groups (Fig.
The redtail surfperch feed on crabs in the surf or hunt for shrimp and other edibles in the estuary
The productivity of the surfperch population there is partly attributable to unique features of the bay.
The reproductive cycle of the viviparous surfperch, Cymatogaster aggregata Gibbons Can J Zool.
The influence of plant cover on surfperch abundance at an offshore temperate reef.
A few species were taken frequently and were captured in the majority of tows conducted, including Bay Pipefish (81.9%), Tubesnout (68.6%), Striped Surfperch (Embiotoca lateralis) (59.3%), Shiner Surfperch (58.3%), Speckled Sanddab (Citharichthys stigmaeus) (57.8%), Cabezon (Scorpaenichthys marmoratus) (55.9%), and Black Rockfish (54.9%) (Table 1).
While two surfperches studied by Schmitt and Holbrook (1990) limit each other's abundance in shared habitat, habitat preference is responsible for the absence of one species in unshared habitat.
Rock fishermen like to try their luck for greenlings and surfperch (a California fishing license is required).
Although currents may influence the distribution of species that utilize pelagic larval dispersal such as the white seabass, the region around San Quintin and Punta Eugenia has also been implicated as a barrier to gene flow for species lacking a pelagic larval stage, such as the black surfperch, Embiotica jacksoni (Bernardi 2000), and demonstrates the impact of the region on population connectivity among various lineages with differing dispersal strategies.
Marine zone: Late winter and early spring is the best time for surfperch fishing from the beaches.
Along the sandy beach is good fishing for surfperch and smelt.
Surfperch fishing should be good now for beach bait-casters.