Surprise

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Surprise

Henry, O
. his plots characterized by unexpected dénouements. [Am. Lit.: Benét, 457]
Operation Z
Japanese plan for Pearl Harbor attack. [Jap. Hist.: Toland, 177–178, 183–187]
Pearl Harbor
site of surprise attack on American fleet by the Japanese (December 7, 1941). [Am. Hist.: Fuller, III, 455–456]
thief in the night
analogy to the Lord’s unexpected coming. [N.T.: I Thessalonians 5:2]
truffle
indicates the unexpected. [Flower Symbolism: Flora Symbolica, 178]
References in periodicals archive ?
So entropy measures the 'surprisal' or--perhaps more specifically--the importance of an event (8) for the receiver; that is to say, it is the measure of deviations from his expectations, and the measure of surprisal of the receiver is correlated to the selections of the source.
Information theory, first devised in 1948 by Claude Shannon, sees information and uncertainty as numerical quantities, measured in 'bits', that correspond with the extent to which the recipient of a message is surprised by that message ('surprisal').
"Touching the adventures and perils which the Underwriters are contented to bear and do take upon themselves, they are of the seas, men-of-war, fire, lightning, earthquake, enemies, pirates, rovers, assailing thieves, jettisons, letters of mart and counter-mart, surprisals, takings at sea, arrest, restraints and detainments of all -kings, princes and peoples, of what nation, condition or quality soever; barratry of the master and mariners, and all other like perils, losses and misfortunes that have or shall come in the hurt, detriment or damage of the vessel, or any part thereof.