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Surrey,county (1991 pop. 997,000), 653 sq mi (1,691 sq km), SE England. The county seat is GuildfordGuildford
, town (1991 pop. 61,509) and district, Surrey, SE England, on the Wey River. The county seat of Surrey, Guildford is a market and residential commuter town of London. Manufactures include knitwear, plastics, and engineered goods.
..... Click the link for more information. . Administratively, the county is divided into the districts of Elmbridge, Epsom and Ewell, Guildford, Mole Valley, Reigate and Banstead, Runnymede, Spelthorne, Surrey Heath, Tandridge, Waverley, and Woking. The North Downs cross the county from east to west. To the north the land slopes gently downward to the Thames, into which flow the Wey and the Mole, Surrey's principal streams. The southern slopes of the Downs are more rugged. Surrey is one of the "Home Counties" around London; attractive woodland areas lie to the south.
About one quarter of the total area is devoted to agriculture. There is dairy farming, market gardening, and wheat and oat cultivation. Manufactures include radio and radar equipment and aircraft. Epsom and EwellEpsom and Ewell
, borough and district (1991 pop. 66,000), Surrey, SE England. Epsom salts were first prepared in 1618 from the mineral waters there. Epsom was a popular spa in the 17th and 18th cent.
..... Click the link for more information. is known for its horse racing, and Kew for the Royal Botanic Gardens (popularly known as Kew GardensKew Gardens
, Kew, Surrey, S England, on the Thames just W of London; Royal Botanic Gardens is the official name. The gardens were founded by the dowager princess of Wales in 1761 and consisted of about 9 acres (3.6 hectares).
..... Click the link for more information. ). On RunnymedeRunnymede
, meadow, in Egham, Surrey, S England, on the south bank of the Thames River, W of London. Either on this meadow or on nearby Charter Island, King John accepted the Magna Carta (1215), which is commemorated by a memorial.
..... Click the link for more information. , King John signed the Magna CartaMagna Carta
or Magna Charta
[Lat., = great charter], the most famous document of British constitutional history, issued by King John at Runnymede under compulsion from the barons and the church in June, 1215.
..... Click the link for more information. in 1215. In Anglo-Saxon times, Surrey was variously under the dominion of MerciaMercia
, one of the kingdoms of Anglo-Saxon England, consisting generally of the region of the Midlands. It was settled by Angles c.500, probably first along the Trent valley.
..... Click the link for more information. and WessexWessex
, one of the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms in England. It may have been settled as early as 495 by Saxons under Cerdic, who is reputed to have landed in Hampshire. Cerdic's grandson, Ceawlin (560–93), annexed scattered Saxon settlements in the Chiltern Hills and drove the
..... Click the link for more information. and was overrun in the 9th cent. by the Danes. In 1974, Surrey was reorganized as a nonmetropolitan county; a small area in the southeast was assigned to the nonmetropolitan county of West Sussex.
a county in Great Britain, on the southwestern border of Greater London. Area, 1,500 sq km. Population, 999,600 (1971). Cities in Surrey are residential or industrial suburbs of London. Industries include machine building and electrical engineering. The southern part of Surrey is an agricultural region, mainly for dairy-cattle breeding, poultry farming, and pig breeding. Major cities in Surrey include Guildford and Woking.