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a person detained on suspicion of having committed a crime or a person to whom a measure of restraint has been applied before the indictment.

Under Soviet law, a person may be detained as a suspect in cases specifically provided for by law (for example, the Criminal Code of the RSFSR, art. 122). A measure of restraint may be applied to a suspect only in exceptional cases. In such an instance, the indictment must be announced within ten days from the moment that the restraining measure is applied; otherwise, the measure of restraint is canceled. The suspect must be questioned within 24 hours of the moment of detention. The interrogation of a suspect is conducted in accordance with the rules for interrogating an accused person (with the exception of the rules concerning the indictment).

The suspect is granted a number of rights to protect himself. He has the right to know what crime he is suspected of committing; to challenge the investigator, the interpreter, or the person conducting the inquiry; to give explanations; and to present evidence. A suspect may be called upon to participate in an inspection, investigatory experiments, or the verification of testimony at the scene of the crime. He may also be subjected, if necessary, to a forensic medical or psychiatric examination by experts. From the moment that an indictment is given, the suspect becomes the accused.

References in classic literature ?
Monsieur Lawrence did not know at all what I meant; but, on reflection, he came to the conclusion that if he could find an extra coffee-cup anywhere his lady love would be cleared of suspicion.
On the suspicions thus urged and supported, Neville was detained, and re-detained, and the search was pressed on every hand, and Jasper laboured night and day.
Franklin's clear head saw the turn the Sergeant's suspicions had taken, in the twinkling of an eye.
Cleveland Police officers arrested a 37-year-old man on the A19 near Wolviston services on suspicion of people smuggling and money laundering offences.
TWO men arrested when police raided a serviced apartment have been questioned on suspicion of attempted murder.
Police listed 16 people who were arrested across the city centre on suspicion of various offences, including violence and being drunk and disorderly.
TAP) - Two men arrested on suspicion of belonging to a banned far-right group and planning terrorist acts have been released without charge, British police said on Sunday.
DETECTIVES investigating the fatal stabbing of a teenager in Connah's Quay have arrested a second man on suspicion of murder.
A 36-year-arrested affray and man was suspicion West Midlands Police said two men, aged 36 and 24, were arrested on suspicion of affray.
A MAN arrested on suspicion of murder following the death of a 20-year-old in Pontlottyn has been released with no further action.
A 47-year-old male officer was arrested on suspicion of conspiracy to commit misconduct in public office and fraudulent evasion of income tax, and a 48-year-old male officer was arrested on suspicion of conspiracy to pervert the course of justice.
The 55-year-old is being questioned on suspicion of indecent assault and sexual touching against two men in their 20s.