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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a person detained on suspicion of having committed a crime or a person to whom a measure of restraint has been applied before the indictment.

Under Soviet law, a person may be detained as a suspect in cases specifically provided for by law (for example, the Criminal Code of the RSFSR, art. 122). A measure of restraint may be applied to a suspect only in exceptional cases. In such an instance, the indictment must be announced within ten days from the moment that the restraining measure is applied; otherwise, the measure of restraint is canceled. The suspect must be questioned within 24 hours of the moment of detention. The interrogation of a suspect is conducted in accordance with the rules for interrogating an accused person (with the exception of the rules concerning the indictment).

The suspect is granted a number of rights to protect himself. He has the right to know what crime he is suspected of committing; to challenge the investigator, the interpreter, or the person conducting the inquiry; to give explanations; and to present evidence. A suspect may be called upon to participate in an inspection, investigatory experiments, or the verification of testimony at the scene of the crime. He may also be subjected, if necessary, to a forensic medical or psychiatric examination by experts. From the moment that an indictment is given, the suspect becomes the accused.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
The lapse of time, and her absence, will defeat all suspicion. Yes, it was a clever idea!
"They arranged a plan to throw suspicion on John Cavendish, by buying strychnine at the village chemist's, and signing the register in his hand-writing.
On the suspicions thus urged and supported, Neville was detained, and re-detained, and the search was pressed on every hand, and Jasper laboured night and day.
Franklin's clear head saw the turn the Sergeant's suspicions had taken, in the twinkling of an eye.
Nine of those arrested have been released under investigation and a 37-year-old man, who has been arrested on suspicion of possessing a firearm with intent to endanger life, remains in police custody.
A 19-year-old boy was detained on suspicion of murder while two women, aged 29 and 19, are being questioned on suspicion of assisting an offender.
In one raid a 21-year-old man, from Tamworth, was arrested on suspicion of possession of cannabis with intent to supply.
Jayasekera had told reporters earlier that there was some suspicion that a foreign country was involved in the attacks.
Two men aged 53 and 43 were held on suspicion of causing ABH, a 22-year-old man was arrested on suspicion of a public order offence and a 29-year-old woman was arrested on suspicion of criminal damage.
THREE men were arrested on suspicion of drug dealing after a car was stopped entering the Radio 1 Big Weekend site.
Julia Rawson, and, right, police activity Two men have been arrested on suspicion of murder following the disappearance of a woman in the Black Country.