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a person detained on suspicion of having committed a crime or a person to whom a measure of restraint has been applied before the indictment.

Under Soviet law, a person may be detained as a suspect in cases specifically provided for by law (for example, the Criminal Code of the RSFSR, art. 122). A measure of restraint may be applied to a suspect only in exceptional cases. In such an instance, the indictment must be announced within ten days from the moment that the restraining measure is applied; otherwise, the measure of restraint is canceled. The suspect must be questioned within 24 hours of the moment of detention. The interrogation of a suspect is conducted in accordance with the rules for interrogating an accused person (with the exception of the rules concerning the indictment).

The suspect is granted a number of rights to protect himself. He has the right to know what crime he is suspected of committing; to challenge the investigator, the interpreter, or the person conducting the inquiry; to give explanations; and to present evidence. A suspect may be called upon to participate in an inspection, investigatory experiments, or the verification of testimony at the scene of the crime. He may also be subjected, if necessary, to a forensic medical or psychiatric examination by experts. From the moment that an indictment is given, the suspect becomes the accused.

References in periodicals archive ?
NCA officers arrested a 40-year-old man in Waterloo Road, central Middlesbrough, on suspicion of people smuggling offences.
35am: A 23-year-old man is held on suspicion of assaulting police after he is said to have been swinging at an officer on Withy Grove.
Police also released without charge a man in his 40s and a 60-year-old woman from Flintshire after they were arrested on suspicion of assisting an offender.
Scott-Baumann argues that the way Ricoeur makes suspicion productive is by simultaneously using three philosophical methods, each of which is intended to meet 'the need for critical challenge without excessive use of suspicion' (4).
McMillon, 22, of Castaic was arrested on suspicion of gross vehicular manslaughter and transported to Van Nuys jail, California Highway Patrol officers said.
The League expressed concern the decision could place a chill on reporting because the decision limits the protection from civil liability for those who report suspicions of child abuse and neglect in good faith.
If a mandated reporter doesn't report such suspicions, the penalty is generally up to $1,000 or six months in jail.
A police spokesman said: 'Shortly after their arrival, police arrested one man on suspicion of causing actual bodily harm and two others on suspicion of disorderly conduct under the Public Order Act.
However, given our strong clinical suspicion of perineural invasion, we decided to undertake a more aggressive search.
In Suspicion, Carol Finnegan (Amanda Redman) walked in to find her husband's secretary Rebecca had been murdered.
37) Subsequently, a police officer, aware of the search condition in Knights' probation order, developed reasonable suspicion (38) that Knights was involved in an arson.
Of the total, 103 people were arrested on suspicion of vote buying, 16 on suspicion of tearing down campaign posters and obstructing the campaign process, and 14 on suspicion of falsifying ballots and related offenses, according to the agency.