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a person detained on suspicion of having committed a crime or a person to whom a measure of restraint has been applied before the indictment.

Under Soviet law, a person may be detained as a suspect in cases specifically provided for by law (for example, the Criminal Code of the RSFSR, art. 122). A measure of restraint may be applied to a suspect only in exceptional cases. In such an instance, the indictment must be announced within ten days from the moment that the restraining measure is applied; otherwise, the measure of restraint is canceled. The suspect must be questioned within 24 hours of the moment of detention. The interrogation of a suspect is conducted in accordance with the rules for interrogating an accused person (with the exception of the rules concerning the indictment).

The suspect is granted a number of rights to protect himself. He has the right to know what crime he is suspected of committing; to challenge the investigator, the interpreter, or the person conducting the inquiry; to give explanations; and to present evidence. A suspect may be called upon to participate in an inspection, investigatory experiments, or the verification of testimony at the scene of the crime. He may also be subjected, if necessary, to a forensic medical or psychiatric examination by experts. From the moment that an indictment is given, the suspect becomes the accused.

References in periodicals archive ?
"The call was made in good faith and we would encourage anyone concerned about suspicious activity, or a suspicious package, to contact police."
The Secret service later tweeted that the suspicious package had been cleared, with White House activity returning.
"The firm also chose not to utilize certain available scenarios designed to identify common suspicious patterns and activities, and it failed to adequately investigate activity identified by the scenarios that the firm did utilize."
Suspicious person/motor vehicle, 50 Boston Turnpike
The report noted that the percentage of suspicious short sales flipped for more than $50,000 has slightly decreased during the period of 2012 to second-quarter 2013.
The rate of the "suspicious" diagnosis for thyroid FNAs in our laboratory varied between 7% and 10% during the years these cases were collected.
A suspicious suitcase that triggered an alert at Miami International Airport on Thursday turned out to contain a portable music player, a large battery and a bar of soap, police said.
Likewise, they are required to report potential violations of law or suspicious activities relating to money laundering or terrorist financing to the federal government.
Suspicious Activity Reports: These reports are the responsibility of any MSB that knows, suspects or has reason to suspect that a transaction (or pattern of transactions) is suspicious, and involves a certain dollar amount.
FinCEN and the Federal Reserve Board based their assessment on the failure of the banking organization to establish an adequate anti-money-laundering program and the failure to file accurate, complete, and timely Suspicious Activity Reports (SARs).
By using computers programmed to recognize suspicious mammograms, doctor can find breast cancers that would otherwise escape diagnosis, say radiologists who are among the minority in their profession currently using the technique.