Ross defines sweatshops
as places that have some or all the following characteristics: they fail to pay minimum wages, have long hours not remunerated with premium pay, employ child labor and lack adequate benefits.
Hapke divides her history of the sweatshop
narrative tradition into three sections.
Kids also fit easily into small spaces, including mine shafts and crowded sweatshops
Ross adopts the Government Accountability Office definition of a sweatshop
: "a business that regularly violates wage or child labor laws and safety and health laws" (26).
Hapke's narrative, based as it is on cultural representations of the sweatshop
, appears vague at times; itself discontinuous as the sweatshop
flits into view only to be erased by a competing image of labor and ethnicity.
The pilot manufacturing factory for SweatX, the noble anti-sweatshop brand that aspired to prove that fully unionized and even worker-owned garment factories can thrive in a sea of sweatshops
, quietly closed its doors in May.
However, in placating oneself by saying that either boycotting or purchasing sweatshop-made goods ultimately somehow improves the condition of sweatshop
laborers, one is essentially allowing a condition of slavery to exist because it seems that the alternative is death.
According to Sweatshop
Watch, the 2003 settlement is the largest and most significant sweatshop
settlement in history.
Locally, the extent of sweatshop
abuses was virtually unknown until 1999, when the Sweatshop
Working Group, a coalition of 33 Chicago-area community organizations, set out to interview nearly 800 workers and found that more than one third of them were working in sweatshop
1 issue that "worries consumers a great deal" is the use of sweatshop
and child labor.
'That will undercut our trade union reforms and undercut the national minimum wage and exploit individuals beyond belief in sweatshops
Of course, the global sweatshop
problem cannot be solved by substituting voluntary no-sweat codes for state regulation.