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in Europe, fermented juice of apples; in the United States, unfermented apple juice, unless allowed to ferment, in which case it is typically known as hard cider. Selected apples are grated in a mill, and the juice is expressed and, for hard cider, fermented and filtered. The commercial product is usually pasteurized or treated with preservatives and is frequently blended to balance the chief constituents, sugar, malic acid, and tannin. In France cider is made principally in Normandy and Brittany. It is at its best after a year or two in cask. English cider from the southern and western counties is noted and rivals beer as a popular alcoholic beverage. Cider is popular also in Germany, Spain, and Switzerland. Perry is a similar beverage made from pears.



a low-alcohol (5–7 percent by volume) fruit wine obtained by the fermentation of apple juice. The characteristic qualities of cider are attributable to the taste and aroma of apples and to the saturation of the fermented beverage with carbon dioxide. Cider is generally made from late-season apples and may be sweet (sugar content, 10 g/l), semisweet (5 g/l), and dry (sugarless).

Cider originated in northern France, where it is the name given to any alcoholic beverage made from apples. It is consumed widely in Austria, Switzerland, Great Britain, and other countries. In the USSR, cider is produced in the RSFSR, Byelorussia, Ukraine, and Kazakhstan.


(food engineering)
Juice extracted from apples or similar fruits that has not been subjected to processing.


, cyder
1. an alcoholic drink made from the fermented juice of apples
2. US and Canadian an unfermented drink made from apple juice
References in periodicals archive ?
Fermenting sweet cider into hard cider doesn't actually take very long.
It's not sweet," he said, warning away customers who are looking for a dessert-wine-type flavor or the kind of commercial sweet cider that's made from apple concentrate.
For a drink, mix a tablespoon or more of dark honey, apple cider vinegar, and enough water to make it taste like sweet cider.
If you are looking for an alternative to the traditional Christmas pud, try their winter fruity pudding - exotic vine fruits rounded off with sweet cider.
An easy-to drink medium sweet cider that would appeal to most cider drinkers.
ingredients 2lb Piece of Boneless Pork belly 1 pint of sweet cider 1 pint of water Small bunch of fresh sage 10 whole black peppercorns Salt 1pt of double cream method Place the pork belly in a deep baking tray with the cider, water, sage, a pinch of salt and the peppercorns.
And I had slow roast belly of Irish pork served with savoy cabbage, smoked bacon and finished with a sweet cider jus, and we had a portion of smart little potatoes and seasonal vegetables, and an extra order of my favourite, green beans.
I was quite astonished that it tasted like a cheap sweet cider, with no impact at all on the back of the palate.
Let sweet cider stand in an open jug 4-6 weeks and it will turn to vinegar.
Several gallons of store-bought sweet cider are poured into a glass carboy, sugar and yeast are added, and the mixture is allowed to ferment.
We had a bottle of Au Breton Gourmand, a sweet cider, to accompany the food, which is absolutely de rigueur in France.
The company has cemented its reputation as a UK market leader with the dry brand Strongbow, along with other well-known titles such as the sweet cider Woodpecker and Scrumpy Jack, which is at the top end of the market.