sweet gum


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Financial, Wikipedia.

sweet gum:

see witch hazelwitch hazel,
common name for some members of the Hamamelidaceae, a family of trees and shrubs found mostly in Asia. The family includes the large genus (Corylopsis) of winter hazels, and the witch hazels (genus Hamamelis), sweet gums (Liquidambar
..... Click the link for more information.
.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
Enlarge picture
sweet gum

sweet gum

Tree up to 120 ft (40m) with very pointy-looking maple-type leaves that smell like pine when rubbed. Fruits are strange spiky balls (not edible). Bark is the part you want- it has a resinous gum in it’s cracks, and is chewed like chewing gum (similar to pine resin) Contains Shikimic acid, which stops flu viruses from reproducing- highest levels in infertile seeds (the yellow ones without wings). B-vitamins, colds, throat, bowel/colon, diarrhea, hemorrhoids, ringworm. Expectorant (helps clear mucus), anti-bacterial, anti-inflammatory. Inner bark and resin are used. If no resin is seen, cut to the inner bark and let sap run out and harden. The leaves have been used also, but are high in tannins. Best to soak several times or steam them to help remove tannins.
Edible Plant Guide © 2012 Markus Rothkranz

gum

1. A moderately high-density hardwood of the eastern and southern US; whitish to gray-green in color and of uniform texture; used for low-grade veneer, plywood, and rough cabinet work.
2. Any of a class of colloidal substances that are soluble or swell in water, exuded by or prepared from plants; sticky when moist.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Nevertheless, the patterns were similar to 2005, with the majority of egg cases found on the tallest and most common trees: sweet gums and loblolly pines.
Contains both upland oak-hickory forest, plus a very high quality bottomland stand dominated by tulip tree, sweet gum, sycamore, red maple, and elm (Jackson 1969a, b).
They shove him toward the sweet gums where his soap soldiers wrestle with twigs.
It is used in solid lumber as well as veneer form, and sweet gum is a favorite of marquetry artists, according to Albert Constantine Jr.
* "The Gumball Machine" -- picks up sweet gum tree balls without raking or bending over.
I'd like to hear from anyone who has successfully eradicated regrowth of sweet gum trees.
Some trees and shrubs, such as birch, red-osier dogwood, sweet gum, nannyberry and mountain laurel, provide not only food and shelter but add texture and color to the landscape during the bleaker months.
One-third of each agricultural bay will be planted with loblolly pine, redbud, and sweet gum trees, to demonstrate how the forests-and the timber industry-of the Southeast would hold up under increasing concentrations of carbon dioxide.
Sometimes colour is relatively short-lived although another autumn beauty the Sweet Gum (Liquidambar styraciflua) spins this out by progressing from a dull plumb toscarlet with other tints in between.
Through the leaf-strewn yard of autumn-- oak, hickory and sweet gum, maple and persimmon-- I hear roughly the same hush under boot, and the snap of dry twigs.
Replacement trees for those lost will include ornamentals, evergreens such as white fir, and hardwoods including oaks, linden, honey locust, tulip and sweet gum - but not the maples that the beetle so loves, said Kenneth A.