Lower incisor dentoalveolar compensation and symphysis
dimensions among Class I and III malocclusion patients with different facial vertical skeletal patterns.
Hence maternal symphysis
growth chart being a simple, inexpensive and sensitive screening test, its routine use should be emphasized for detection of IUGR in a developing country like India where health institutions with sophisticated technology are often inaccessible to majority of women.
In addition, symphysis
pubis diastasis represents a condition which has been associated with pregnancy and childbirth.
Antemortem stature and age distributions are given in Figures 1 and 2; postmortem stature point estimate distributions for all six limb bones and pubic symphysis
age distributions are given in Figures 3 through 9.
The ventral part of the palate is well exposed; its anterior region is well preserved, but its anterior end is obscured by the mandibular symphysis
The continuous incisor series between the two canines forms an overhang relative to the frontal face of the symphysis
, representing a character of Hex.
Changes in the lower lip soft tissue after bone graft harvesting from the mandibular symphysis
However, the other patient had a tumor originating from the symphysis
of the mandible, and this is a rare location for this tumor.
The second case had short stature, bilateral growth failure in the clavicles (pseudoarthrosis on the right side and lateral aplasia on the left one), widened pubic symphysis
, coxa vara, dental problems, progressive scoliosis/kyphosis, and a positive family history.
Immediately post delivery, she was unable to walk, get up from her bed, turn from side-to-side or hold her child due to severe pain in the region of the pubic symphysis
. A palpable, tender swelling was present in the same region.
The parameters measured included anterior pelvic plane tilt (APPt: the angle between the plane created by the bilateral anterior superior iliac spines to the pubic symphysis
and the vertical plane), spinopelvic tilt (SPT: the angle between a line drawn from the hip centers to the midpoint of the sacral plate and the vertical), pelvic incidence (PI: the angle between a line drawn from the hip centers axis to midpoint of the sacral plate, and the perpendicular to the sacral plate), and sacral slope (SS: the angle between the sacral plate and the horizontal).
Cystogram showed no vesicoureteral reflux, but congenital diastasis of the pubic symphysis
was detected in voiding cysto-uretrography (Figure 1).