symporter


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symporter

[sim′pȯrd·ər]
(cell and molecular biology)
A channel protein that simultaneously transports two different types of substrates (for example, sodium ion plus glucose) across a cell membrane, both in the same direction.
References in periodicals archive ?
Regulated exocytosis of an H+/myo-inositol symporter at synapses and growth cones.
Some organs concentrate radioiodine including breast, digestive tract, and urinary system whereas others express sodium iodine symporter, making them susceptible to malignant transformation.
Sodium iodide symporter expression is one of the well-known mechanisms that is responsible for RAI uptake in tissues.
Anti-natrium/iodide symporter antibodies and other anti-thyroid antibodies in children with Turner's syndrome.
Transplantation and tracking of human-induced pluripotent stem cells in a pig model of myocardial infarction: Assessment of cell survival, engraftment, and distribution by hybrid single photon emission computed tomography/computed tomogra phy of sodium iodide symporter transgene expression.
It is important to emphasize the crucial role of radioiodine diagnostics with whole body iodine-131 scintigraphy (I-131 whole body scan, WBS), which is based on active tumor I-131 accumulation, conditioned by the presence of NaI symporter (NIS) in tumor cells.
The proportion of thyroid follicular cells is defined based on the expression of thyroglobulin, thyroid transcription factor 1, cytokeratin-7, and sodium/iodide symporter (SLC5A5) mRNAs.
Sucrose transporters are the H+/sucrose symporter that is able to translocate sucrose across the membrane (Lalonde et al., 2004; Sauer, 2007; Braun and Slewinski, 2009).
Some examples of these chemicals include environmental phenols such as bisphenol-A (BPA) used as a plasticizer in the plastic industry, and sodium-iodide symporter inhibitors such as nitrates used in the fertiliser industry.
They initially target hormone receptors or binding on specific proteins that regulate hormone delivery to the receptors and also target the protein involved in hormone production (aromatase), the protein may be act as transporter (sodium/iodide symporter) or a carrier protein (cortisol binding protein).
Cells were lentivirally transfected to express with both human sodium iodide symporter (hNIS) as a single nuclear reporter gene and green fluorescent protein (GFP) genes.
Saccharomyces cerevisiae Pho84 is a high-affinity [H.sup.+]phosphate symporter functional only at acidic pH [36].