synaptic vesicle


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synaptic vesicle

[si¦nap·tik ′ves·ə·kəl]
(neuroscience)
A small membrane-bound structure in the axon terminals of nerve cells that contains neurotransmitters and releases them by exocytosis when an action potential reaches the terminal.
References in periodicals archive ?
Muller et al., "Alpha-synuclein is associated with the synaptic vesicle apparatus in the human and rat enteric nervous system," Brain Research, vol.
Rohlmann et al., "[alpha]-neurexins couple Ca2+ channels to synaptic vesicle exocytosis," Nature, vol.
Seager et al., "Identification of a mutation in synapsin I, a synaptic vesicle protein, in a family with epilepsy," Journal of Medical Genetics, vol.
In common with these neuromuscular synapses, but unlike the neuroelectrocyte synapses in Torpedo, the synaptic vesicles in skate are homogeneous in size (Fox et al., 1988).
Maeno-Hikichi et al., "Formation of an endophilin-[Ca.sup.2+] channel complex is critical for clathrin-mediated synaptic vesicle endocytosis," Cell, vol.
AZs represent specialized regions of the presynaptic membrane where quantal neurotransmitter release occurs via synaptic vesicle exocytosis [16, 17].
The immunogenic tail of synaptophysin is a characteristic shared by the synaptic vesicle protein p29, an integral nonglycosylated protein.
Genetic variants of synaptic vesicle and presynaptic plasma membrane proteins in idiopathic generalized epilepsy.
Consistently, it has also been shown that recovery of the fast component of release (the FRP) was slowed when synaptic vesicle endocytosis was inhibited.44) Release sites have to be cleared by endocytosis before new vesicles can be docked or become release ready.
Synaptophysin, a major synaptic vesicle protein, is not essential for neurotransmitter release.
Abnormal neurotransmission in mice lacking synaptic vesicle protein 2A (SV2A).