synchrocyclotron


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synchrocyclotron:

see particle acceleratorparticle accelerator,
apparatus used in nuclear physics to produce beams of energetic charged particles and to direct them against various targets. Such machines, popularly called atom smashers, are needed to observe objects as small as the atomic nucleus in studies of its
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.

synchrocyclotron

[¦siŋ·krō′sī·klə‚trän]
(nucleonics)
A circular particle accelerator for accelerating protons, deuterons, or alpha particles, in which the frequency of the accelerating voltage is modulated to maintain synchronism with the frequency of the particles which spiral outward and attain energies at which the relativistic mass increase becomes significant. Also known as frequency-modulated cyclotron; synchrophasotron.
References in periodicals archive ?
Russia's effort culminated in the giant 1 GeV proton synchrocyclotron at the Leningrad Institute for Nuclear Physics in Gatchina.
Higher energy cyclotrons were built in the 1940's, the 800 MeV 184-inch synchrocyclotron at Berkeley, and two similar-sized machines at Dubna and St.
The synchrocyclotron was independently devised at about the same time by the Soviet physicist Vladimir Iosifovich Veksler (1907-1966).