synchronous rotation


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synchronous rotation

1. (captured rotation) The rotation of a natural satellite about its primary in which the period of rotation of the satellite is equal to its orbital period. The same hemisphere thus always faces the primary. The Moon is in synchronous rotation, although libration allows slightly more than one hemisphere to be seen from Earth. There are good dynamical reasons for satellites fairly close to their planet being locked in synchronous rotation. See tidal force.
2. (synchronism) A situation in a close binary star in which the rotation period of a star is equal to the binary's orbital period (for circular orbits).

synchronous rotation

[′siŋ·krə·nəs rō′tā·shən]
(astronomy)
The rotation of a planet or satellite whose period is equal to its orbital period.
References in periodicals archive ?
"The Moon is in synchronous rotation with Earth because the time it takes to spin once on its axis equals the time it takes for it to orbit around Earth.
The secondary is thought to be locked in synchronous rotation about the primary (rather like the Earth-Moon system) and occasionally undergoes mutual eclipses and occultations.
This phenomenon, called synchronous rotation, resulted from the gravitational effect of the Earth on the Moon over millions of years.
These effects may include tidal heating, synchronous rotation, and tidal locking, which can produce a significant effects on the planets' seasons and geologic activity."
From the perspective of improving the RRM parameters used in the valves a decisive role in research play opportunities torque, which prevents violation of synchronous rotation and slippage of the rotor relative to the stator.
Titan is tidally locked to Saturn in a synchronous rotation of 15.9 days, meaning the same side of Titan always faces the ringed planet, just as the Moon always shows the same face to Earth.
Tidal forces long ago locked the Moon into synchronous rotation, such that it makes one turn on its axis in the same time it makes one revolution around the Earth.
Iapetus is locked in synchronous rotation, so it shows only one "face" toward Saturn (as does the Moon to Earth).
He boldly asserted that these features were "not only permanent, but permanently visible whenever our own atmospheric conditions are not so poor as to obliterate all detail on the disk" and constituted irrefutable proof of the synchronous rotation period proposed by Schiaparelli.
It was difficult for Antoniadi to reconcile his observations with the synchronous rotation period, but he managed to do just that.
Most astronomers regarded Schiaparelli's synchronous rotation period as implausible because the planet's cloud-laden atmosphere would have long ago frozen out on the frigid hemisphere that was shrouded in perpetual night.
Computer models show that any large moon orbiting an EGP or brown dwarf becomes locked into synchronous rotation (with one side of the moon always facing the planet) within a few hundred million years.

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