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see particle acceleratorparticle accelerator,
apparatus used in nuclear physics to produce beams of energetic charged particles and to direct them against various targets. Such machines, popularly called atom smashers, are needed to observe objects as small as the atomic nucleus in studies of its
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A device for accelerating electrons or protons in closed orbits in which the frequency of the accelerating voltage is varied (or held constant in the case of electrons) and the strength of the magnetic field is varied so as to keep the orbit radius constant.
References in periodicals archive ?
Working with carbon partitioning between these nanoconstituents by the synchrotron yields several advantages that much larger volume can be illuminated with high energy X-ray.
The new modification provides equivalent, if not improved, results compared to those obtained using IRENI, the multi-beam synchrotron source with wide-field illumination and effective geometric pixel resolution at or beyond the diffraction limit across the entire spectrum.
Absorption of synchrotron radiation at specific wavelengths showed that the energy state of the corresponding electrons and unveiled their hiding place in the crystal lattice.
International Conference on Mechanical Stress Evaluation by Neutrons and Synchrotron Radiation (6th: 2011: Hamburg, Germany) Edited by H.
Initially it functioned using components of the German synchrotron Bessy I, which was dismantled in 1994.
It's a big paradigm shift because everyone thought it was synchrotron radiation for 20 years," said Jochen Greiner, an astronomer at the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics in Garching, Germany.
After agreeing an undisclosed deal, the first cover has just been installed at the facility in Oxfordshire which generates brilliant beams of light from infra-red to X-rays, used for academic and industry research, by accelerating electrons to near light-speed in a synchrotron.
Diamond Light Source, the UK synchrotron based at Harwell, has opened a research station that can create molecular-scale 3D images of large objects such as aerospace and engineering components, and explore their structures in atomic-scale detail.
The images were produced using light emitted by particles accelerated to the speed of light by Daresbury's synchrotron (SRS) light source.
Crystal Scientific is a specialist manufacturer of X-ray mirrors used in synchrotron machines that produce intense beams of X-rays and ultra violet light which allow scientists to see atoms and molecules.
The football-field-size machine, called a synchrotron, uses tubes, magnets, vacuum pumps, and other gadgetry to produce intensely powerful beams of light.
The new scientific research facility, (below right), the Australian Synchrotron, in Victoria is expected to attract an extra $110 million a year to the national economy, creating an extra 2,500 jobs.

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