syncytiotrophoblast


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syncytiotrophoblast

[sin¦sish·ē·ō′träf·ə‚blast]
(cell and molecular biology)
An irregular sheet or net of deeply staining cytoplasm in which nuclei are irregularly scattered. Also known as plasmoditrophoblast; syncytial trophoblast.
References in periodicals archive ?
The primary change was a deterioration of cytochrome c oxidase in the villous syncytiotrophoblast, which consequently resulted in a lack of energy supply and placental insufficiency.
falciparum erythrocyte membrane protein 1 variant that binds to chondroitin sulfate A (CSA) on the syncytiotrophoblast (11,12).
We found the pronounced changes to cytotrophoblast, syncytiotrophoblast in the beams of the labyrinthic zone.
Some of these adverse effects may be a consequence of chemical-induced alterations in estrogen production by the syncytiotrophoblast, the functional endocrine unit of the placenta (Albrecht and Pepe 1999; Siddiqui et al.
Increased apoptosis in the syncytiotrophoblast in human term placentas complicated by either preeclampsia or intrauterine growth retardation.
Glucose transport and system A activity in syncytiotrophoblast microvillous and basal plasma membranes in intrauterine growth restriction.
Excess syncytiotrophoblast microparticle shedding is a feature of early-onset pre-eclampsia, but not normotensive intrauterine growth restriction.
In contrast to normal placenta the malaria infected placenta had decreased enzymatic activity in the syncytiotrophoblast and mesenchymal cells (Fig.
The dominant species of malaria, Plasmodium falciparum, evades immune system detection in the placenta of pregnant women by binding to placental syncytiotrophoblast cells.
Provirus genes are known to be expressed in the placenta, where the fetal-maternal interface, or syncytiotrophoblast, is a thin layer of fused fetal trophoblast cells (15).
These fingers extend from a single thin cell, called the syncytiotrophoblast or the placental syncytium, which contains multiple nuclei.
When implantation has occurred, and the syncytiotrophoblast (the part of the trophoblast that first invades the endometrium) grows larger and establishes quasi-connections with the mother's uterine blood vessels, the business of the inner cell mass's differentiation through gastrulation can take place with the assurance that the structures now being produced--the amnion, the umbilical vessels, and the placenta proper--can perform their proper functions.