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(sĭnĕk`dəkē), figure of speech, a species of metaphormetaphor
[Gr.,=transfer], in rhetoric, a figure of speech in which one class of things is referred to as if it belonged to another class. Whereas a simile states that A is like B, a metaphor states that A is B or substitutes B for A.
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, in which a part of a person or thing is used to designate the whole—thus, "The house was built by 40 hands" for "The house was built by 20 people." See metonymymetonymy
, figure of speech in which an attribute of a thing or something closely related to it is substituted for the thing itself. Thus, "sweat" can mean "hard labor," and "Capitol Hill" represents the U.S. Congress.
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a figure of speech and variant of metonymy by which the whole is made known by means of a part. There are two types of synecdoche. In the first, the whole is represented by a, part, which replaces the whole. For example, “Hey, beard! how can I get from here to Pliushkin’s?” (N. Gogol). Here the meanings of “man with a beard,” “bearded one” (“villein”), and “beard” are combined. In the second type of synecdoche, one grammatical number is used instead of the other: “And until dawn the Frenchman [the French] could be heard rejoicing” (M. Iu. Lermontov).

References in periodicals archive ?
87) However, whereas cultural criticism ultimately turns to synecdoche to rescue itself "from the wasteland of endless syntagm," (88) computational methods like "distant reading" are rather at home with the metonymical.
Pinter died in December 2008, a month after Synecdoche, New York's release in the US.
First, the poetic images of metaphors, similes, metonyms, synecdoche and symbolism are extracted and analyzed into their source and target domains.
Kenneth Burke's concepts provide a framework for critiquing these films as examples of visual synecdoche that present specific pentadic ratios.
In fact, you may think of holoschemes as series of figures used as significant narrative units to form a text's narrative grid, thus functioning as large-scale synecdoche .
The synecdoche has a long tradition in Hebrew: Nekava, which means female in both modern and ancient Hebrew, comes from the Biblical root nkv, which signifies a hole or opening.
Synecdoche, New York 15, 124 mins Opens Friday, May 15
Synecdoche (the signification by the part for the whole) and metonymy (the important associative or collateral detail that summarizes ah entity) are two of the most powerful rhetorical strategies to be used by representational eodes of language.
In true postmodern fashion, then, the novel ends metaleptically with the madman seeking himself--a synecdoche for the insanely fragmented lives the modern world forces us all to live.
Moving from synecdoche to apostrophe, Adam arrives at a kind of consolation through a new relationship to nature and the capacity to imitate its destructiveness through the use of fire.
Clint Eastwood's competition offering, Changeling, starring Angelina Jolie as a mother searching for her missing child, had been among the more serious Hollywood contenders, beside Charlie Kaufman's Synecdoche, New York.
Mental y aun cerebral, como senala Chris Norris, son terminos que se pueden y se deben aplicar a los seis filmes nacidos de la inventiva kaufmaniana: Being John Malkovich (Spike Jonze, 1999), Human Nature (Michel Gondry, 2001), Adaptation (Jonze, 2002), Confessions of a Dangerous Mind (George Clooney, 2002), Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind (Gondry, 2004) y Synecdoche, New York, que se estrenara en 2008 y con el que Kaufman debuta como director.