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(sĭnĕk`dəkē), figure of speech, a species of metaphormetaphor
[Gr.,=transfer], in rhetoric, a figure of speech in which one class of things is referred to as if it belonged to another class. Whereas a simile states that A is like B, a metaphor states that A is B or substitutes B for A.
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, in which a part of a person or thing is used to designate the whole—thus, "The house was built by 40 hands" for "The house was built by 20 people." See metonymymetonymy
, figure of speech in which an attribute of a thing or something closely related to it is substituted for the thing itself. Thus, "sweat" can mean "hard labor," and "Capitol Hill" represents the U.S. Congress.
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a figure of speech and variant of metonymy by which the whole is made known by means of a part. There are two types of synecdoche. In the first, the whole is represented by a, part, which replaces the whole. For example, “Hey, beard! how can I get from here to Pliushkin’s?” (N. Gogol). Here the meanings of “man with a beard,” “bearded one” (“villein”), and “beard” are combined. In the second type of synecdoche, one grammatical number is used instead of the other: “And until dawn the Frenchman [the French] could be heard rejoicing” (M. Iu. Lermontov).

References in periodicals archive ?
Part/whole synecdochical perceptions of music involve grasping 'the whole' or large bits of some music by reference to smaller, more skeletal bits of the actual music or related analytic shorthand.
The absence of the lover is recorded in synecdochical terms as the absence of his hands or is dramatized in her own "manos crispadas.
16) In all these accounts, each ruler bears a synecdochical relation to his empire: the demise of a ruler equals the demise of an empire.
This is a synecdochical strategy which affirms the whole over its parts and is thereby a suitable instrument for suggesting the permanent, the harmonious, the appointed; hence the ordered, but also the deja vu; therefore the unchangeable, and consequently the inevitable -- in the end, phasing may serve to emphasize the inevitability of change, time, Fate itself.
In `The Romans in films', Roland Barthes shows that `Roman-ness' can be established by a few strong, synecdochical signs: locks, drapery, classic profiles.
To state this thesis in traditional rhetorical language, the fundamentally synecdochical and therefore integrative qualities of democratic culture are based on a part/whole symbiosis of people/government, yet this relationship - which is based on the entirely ambiguous yet all-important notion of the legitimacy of political representation - is not verifiable in any concrete, "objective" manner.
Generally consisting of a row of numbered heads with a corresponding list of names, the "Keys" imply that one's countenance secures one's person and depend on a synecdochical logic that is clearly appropriate to Crane's "The Monster.
34) Ireland, that is, provides a synecdochical glimpse into the cultural origins shared by all northern European nations, including, of course, England.
One measure of the success of this issue in complicating issues of academic "ownership" is that, stripped of the author-functions of Butler's and Martin's names (especially where the former's has become synecdochical for "queer theory"), the table of contents is as likely to announce itself as a special issue on post-colonial theory and critical race studies as on lesbian and gay studies.
at 53 ("The lie of the impeachment proceedings is thus its failure to admit that Hastings' misdeeds were merely synecdochical of the colonial operation, that to assume that such governorship could take more palatable form was to allow Burke to have his cake of astonishment and to eat it, too.
Nietzsche contra Rousseau" thus furnishes a synecdochical distillation of "Nietzsche contra modernity.
Or a synecdochical portrait of sons (you will encounter a double image, two stages of a cock and balls, a portrait by the same criterion as Carleton since titled Richard).