Synecology

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synecology

[¦sin·i′käl·ə·jē]
(ecology)
The study of environmental relations of groups of organisms, such as communities.

Synecology

 

a branch of ecology concerned with biocenoses, that is, communities of many species of animals, plants, and microorganisms. The term “synecology” was proposed by the Swiss botanist C. Schröter in 1902 and adopted by the Brussels International Botanical Congress in 1910 to designate the body of knowledge relating to plant communities, or phytocenoses. Thus, synecology originally was a synonym for phytocenology. Most phytocenologists eventually regarded synecology simply as the part of phytocenology embracing the ecological study of phytocenoses.