synostosis


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synostosis

[si‚nä′stō·səs]
(anatomy)
A type of synarthrosis in which the bones are continuous.
(medicine)
Union of originally separate bones into a single bone structure.
References in periodicals archive ?
Metopic synostosis is a type of cranio synostosis, a deformity found in infants that changes the growth pattern in their skull.
The higher loading exerted on the screw determined in four-cortex fixation indicates that the screw is motionless at four points, and it is under great stress; tibiofibular joint stiffness, synostosis, and screw fixation failure may be the result of this extreme loading.
Radiographically, 1 bird of group A showed signs of osteomyelitis and 1 bird of group D showed development of a synostosis between radius and ulna.
Sagittal synostosis is the most common phenotype, representing 40 percent to 55 percent of nonsyndromic cases.
The classic clinical triad of Klippel-Feil syndrome (KFS) -short neck, restricted neck mobility, and low dorsal hairline- is the result of congenital synostosis of a variable number of cervical vertebrae.
Overall, 28 cases were recorded, five of which showed a complete tibiofibular synostosis [4, 6-8].
In human and veterinary medicine syndactyly has been classified into several types: simple, which affects only soft tissue; complex, involving synostosis; complete, involving entire length synostosis of the fused bones; incomplete, when synostosis does not comprise the entire bone length; complicated, when syndactyly appears with other malformations in the same individual; and uncomplicated if there are no more malformations [1-3].
Possible complications include compromise of the arterial vasculature (brachial, femoral, popliteal, aortic, iliac or axillary), Volkmann's ischemic contracture (compartment syndrome), gas gangrene, fat embolism, osteomyelitis, reflex sympathetic dystrophic syndrome, refracture, post-traumatic osteolysis, myositis ossificans, synostosis, deformity or delayed union
Mutations in the Nog/Bmp complex are manifested in rare skeletal disorders such as the multiple synostosis syndrome 1 (78).
Then he surveys lambdoid, coronal, metopic, and sagittal synostosis.
Selman Yildrim, Ahmet Sert, Ilhan Ciftci, and Dursun Odabas (2011) "A girl with metopic synostosis and trisomy 13 mosaicism: case report and review of the literature".