synovial fluid


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Financial, Acronyms, Wikipedia.
Related to synovial fluid: synovial joint, synovitis, synovial fluid analysis

synovial fluid:

see jointjoint,
in anatomy, juncture between two bones. Some joints are immovable, e.g., those that connect the bones of the skull, which are separated merely by short, tough fibers of cartilage. Movable joints are found for the most part in the limbs.
..... Click the link for more information.
.

synovial fluid

[sə′nō·vē·əl ′flü·əd]
(physiology)
A transparent viscid fluid secreted by synovial membranes. Also known as synovia.
References in periodicals archive ?
'In the future, this set up can be used to identify the specific components of synovial fluid that cause pain and then to test if and how a drug will be useful in arthritic pain.
Soluble ST2 was higher in synovial fluid from RA patients than in that from patients with OA, but there was no information about the function of ST2 on RASFs.
It can attract a large amount of water to the synovial fluid. Our data showed that albumin is a regular protein with no wetting properties in the lubricating liquid.
Abbreviations BMMSCs: Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells Col II: Collagen type II COMP: Anticartilage oligomeric matrix protein GAG: Glycosaminoglycan IF: Immunofluorescence MSCs: Mesenchymal stem cells OA: Osteoarthritis SFMSCs: Synovial fluid mesenchymal stem cells.
Our patient may have been predisposed to septic arthritis by the intracellular calcium pyrophosphate crystals found in his synovial fluid as well as his history of osteoarthritis and gout, although we could not find evidence of a definitive diagnosis of gout in the past.
As a first stage of numerical analysis, data were sorted on the basis of subjects with (i) isolated ACL tear and (ii) ACL tear associated with meniscal tear, in order to establish the effects of the meniscal tear on knee synovial fluid cytokine patterns.
Th17 cells (IL-17 and IL-22) and neutrophils are frequently observed in the synovial fluid of RA patients.
"This is the first evidence that polyphenols distribute into the synovial fluid of patients with osteoarthritis.
Its concentration seems to be higher in the synovial fluid of patients with early OA when compared to healthy individuals (23).
To clear this issue, synovial fluid (SF) markers may be more informative than systemic markers as they relate to structural changes and damage within a joint.
Antigen- specific antibodies that form in response to the adaptive immune response are present in the synovial fluid of OA subjects and may activate the complement system.