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(LINGUISTICS) any combination of words in a ‘chain of speech’. see SYNTAGMATIC AND PARADIGMATIC.



in a broad sense, any sequence of linguistic elements linked by the relationship of dependent member to governing member. This is F. de Saussure’s concept of syntagm.

A syntagm may be a sequence of words (external syntagm) or a sequence of morphemes (internal syntagm). For example, dom-ik forms an internal syntagm in which the element dom- (“house”) is the dependent member and ik (diminutive suffix) the governing member. This syntagm corresponds to the external syntagm malen’kii dom, in which dom is dependent and malen’kii (“small”) is governing.

In a narrower sense, a syntagm is a phrase within a sentence; it may be predicative, attributive, or objective. In this same sense, the sentence is a chain of consecutive syntagms. L. V. Shcherba defined a syntagm as an articulated phonetic unit organized by intonation, expressing a single meaningful whole, and consisting of one or several rhythmic groups. A sentence may be divided into syntagms in various ways, depending on shades of meaning, logical emphasis, or syntactic homonymy. An example is vchera/bylo zharko as contrasted to vchera bylo/zharko (“yesterday/it was hot”—”yesterday it was/hot”).


Kartsevskii. S. O. Povtoritel’nyi kurs russkogo iazyka. Moscow-Leningrad, 1928.
Saussure, F. de. Kurs obshchei lingvistiki. Moscow, 1933. (Translated from French.)
Vinogradov, V. V. Poniatie sintagmy v sintaksise russkogo iazyka. In the collection Voprosy sintaksisa sovremennogo russkogo iazyka. Moscow, 1950.
Bally, C. Obshchaia lingvistika i voprosy frantsuzskogo iazyka. Moscow, 1955. (Translated from French.)
Shcherba, L. V. Fonetika frantsuzskogo iazyka, 7th ed. Moscow, 1963.


References in periodicals archive ?
Below, I cite some minutes of the first open assembly held at Syntagma Square on May 25 2011, which are quite representative of the mood prevalent among the protesters:
On Syntagma, patriotic songs blared out over loud speakers.
The protesters gathering at Syntagma then marched to the European Commission Representation offices in Greece and the United States Embassy.
The editors argue that the Compendious Discourse was a sampler for Birchensha's most ambitious yet sadly unrealised project: to publish a much larger treatise entitled Syntagma musical, that would treat 'of Musick Philosophically, Mathematically, and Practically' (p.
Officers fired tear gas and stun grenades to disperse a group of 50 protesters near luxury hotels in the capital s central Syntagma Square, as tens of thousands protested in Athens and Thessaloniki.
LAST week I was in Athens and took the metro to Syntagma Square.
There's more to Greece than the quaint Santorini, of course -- Rathee began his Greek sojourn with Athens, marvelling at old ruins, and wondering about how the Temple of Olympian Zeus in Athen's Syntagma Square, must have looked like in its prime.
52 First for best correct The Foreign Office warns there may also be demos in Syntagma Square in central Athens.
Syntagma Square typifies such a transformation in central Athens.
A las 17 horas, en la plaza Syntagma la multitud empieza los choques con la policia.
According to Athens News, the General Confederation of Greek Workers (GSEE), which represents the private sector, and the public sector ADEDY, have urged all working people to take part in a protest demonstration in Syntagma Square in central Athens.
Also shown was Syntagma, 1983, a multilayered sketchbook investigating film as rhc method for an artwork comprising bodily performance as well as feminism in theory and practice.