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(LINGUISTICS) any combination of words in a ‘chain of speech’. see SYNTAGMATIC AND PARADIGMATIC.



in a broad sense, any sequence of linguistic elements linked by the relationship of dependent member to governing member. This is F. de Saussure’s concept of syntagm.

A syntagm may be a sequence of words (external syntagm) or a sequence of morphemes (internal syntagm). For example, dom-ik forms an internal syntagm in which the element dom- (“house”) is the dependent member and ik (diminutive suffix) the governing member. This syntagm corresponds to the external syntagm malen’kii dom, in which dom is dependent and malen’kii (“small”) is governing.

In a narrower sense, a syntagm is a phrase within a sentence; it may be predicative, attributive, or objective. In this same sense, the sentence is a chain of consecutive syntagms. L. V. Shcherba defined a syntagm as an articulated phonetic unit organized by intonation, expressing a single meaningful whole, and consisting of one or several rhythmic groups. A sentence may be divided into syntagms in various ways, depending on shades of meaning, logical emphasis, or syntactic homonymy. An example is vchera/bylo zharko as contrasted to vchera bylo/zharko (“yesterday/it was hot”—”yesterday it was/hot”).


Kartsevskii. S. O. Povtoritel’nyi kurs russkogo iazyka. Moscow-Leningrad, 1928.
Saussure, F. de. Kurs obshchei lingvistiki. Moscow, 1933. (Translated from French.)
Vinogradov, V. V. Poniatie sintagmy v sintaksise russkogo iazyka. In the collection Voprosy sintaksisa sovremennogo russkogo iazyka. Moscow, 1950.
Bally, C. Obshchaia lingvistika i voprosy frantsuzskogo iazyka. Moscow, 1955. (Translated from French.)
Shcherba, L. V. Fonetika frantsuzskogo iazyka, 7th ed. Moscow, 1963.


References in periodicals archive ?
Finally, visit one of Athens' rooftop bars, in between the Acropolis and Syntagma Square, for magical views over the Acropolis and the city, to sample traditional Greek spirits such as ouzo, tsipouro or raki.
No-frills Kostas, in Pentelis St, Syntagma, has been serving up fresh, simple souvlaki for lunch for over 65 years - get there early to pick up a pitta filled with succulent pork and salad before he runs out.
Many of our interviewees remembered the wide dissemination of the initial Facebook message--and other related ones--calling for a peaceful gathering at Syntagma. Rumor has it that it had been initiated by a young man from Athens, and many people started to like and share it on the social network.
On Syntagma, patriotic songs blared out over loud speakers.
The protesters gathering at Syntagma then marched to the European Commission Representation offices in Greece and the United States Embassy.
Riot police responded with volleys of tear gas and stun grenades in the capital's Syntagma Square outside Parliament as protesters scattered during the clashes, which continued on and off for about an hour.
The protesters had largely dispersed from the city's central Syntagma Square by mid-afternoon.
Par securite, les cafes et fast food du bas de la place Syntagma, oE les rassemblements seront confines, n'avaient pas sorti de tables.
Athens was the scene of protests on and around its main Syntagma Square as thousands of Greek citizens vent frustration over Merkel's perceived role in the country's economic misery.
The editors argue that the Compendious Discourse was a sampler for Birchensha's most ambitious yet sadly unrealised project: to publish a much larger treatise entitled Syntagma musical, that would treat 'of Musick Philosophically, Mathematically, and Practically' (p.