syntagmatic and paradigmatic

syntagmatic and paradigmatic

(LINGUISTICS) the distinction between the relationship of the combination of words in a chain of speech (a syntagmatic relationship) and the relationship of any particular term with ‘associated’, i.e. 'structurally interchangeable’, absent terms (a.paradigmatic relationship) (e. g. in the sentence 'she is sociologizing, 'she’ might be replaced by ‘he’, ‘is’ by ‘was’, and 'sociologizing’ by 'sleeping’). By analogy, any chain of social actions may sometimes also be referred to as 'syntagmatic’ and the relationship of the ‘units’ in this action to other absent interchangeable possible units of action, ‘paradigmatic’. See also SAUSSURE.
References in periodicals archive ?
It is paramount to remember that, due to the emphasis on meaning of this model, the syntagmatic and paradigmatic axes of productivity should be here considered for cognitive-semantic labels.
Due to space limitations, it has been preferred not to incorporate a graph illustrating the applicability of the syntagmatic and paradigmatic axes of productivity to this last step.
He examines its development in terms of the arrangement of entries, the selection of morphological forms, the selection of vocabulary, definitions, the order and discrimination of senses, etymology, usage labels, syntagmatic and paradigmatic information, pronunciation, and outside matter.
Ever since Saussure, word semantic relations have been divided into syntagmatic and paradigmatic ones.
Sahlgren, Magnus (2006) The word-space model: using distributional analysis to represent syntagmatic and paradigmatic relations between words in high-dimensional vector spaces.
syntagmatic and paradigmatic, provided by the two groups of learners and the group of native speakers: intermediate, 80.
A different study (Namei 2004) that tested 100 Persian-Swedish bilingual subjects using a productive word association test revealed that high levels of syntagmatic and paradigmatic associations were produced by both L1 and L2 subjects.
Val Larsen develops metrics that may be used to describe, economically, various alternative syntagmatic and paradigmatic ad executions.
2005), "The Timely and the Timeless: Syntagmatic and Paradigmatic Sign Relations in Advertising Montage", Advances in Consumer Research 32: 162-163.
Examining the differing roles of the syntagmatic and paradigmatic axes of language, Jakobson (1971: 75) defines the relationship among syntagmatic units in terms of contiguity and that among paradigmatic units in terms of similarity.
In this new kind of dictionary Clines and his associates study the meanings of words along with their syntagmatic and paradigmatic relationships in these different kinds of Hebrew texts: of verbs with their subjects and objects; of nouns with various verbs.