tachinid fly


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tachinid fly

(tăk`ənĭd), common name for any of the fliesfly,
name commonly used for any of a variety of winged insects, but properly restricted to members of the order Diptera, the true flies, which includes the housefly, gnat, midge, mosquito, and tsetse fly.
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 of the family Tachinidae, which parasitize caterpillars, beetles, grasshoppers, and other insects. Tachinid flies are generally small (about the size of houseflies), often bristly, and sometimes brilliantly colored. There are nearly 1300 North American species. The female typically lays her white oval eggs on the skin of the host insect, though the eggs of some species are inserted in the host's body, and the eggs of others are left in the host's environment, as for example on leaves, where the host will ingest them. The larvae feed on the host tissues, causing death. Tachinid flies are widely used as a means of biological control of insect pests. Some tachinid flies are themselves parasitized by certain waspswasp,
name applied to many winged insects of the order Hymenoptera, which also includes ants and bees. Most wasps are carnivorous, feeding on insects, grubs, or spiders. They have biting mouthparts, and the females have stings with which they paralyze their prey.
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 (see ichneumon flyichneumon fly
, common name for a family of insects, related to the wasps, whose larvae are parasitic on many other insects. Over 3,000 species of ichneumon flies, also known as ichneumon wasps, are found throughout the United States except in the Southwest.
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). Tachinid flies are classified in the phylum ArthropodaArthropoda
[Gr.,=jointed feet], largest and most diverse animal phylum. The arthropods include crustaceans, insects, centipedes, millipedes, spiders, scorpions, and the extinct trilobites.
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, class Insecta, order Diptera, family Tachinidae.
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References in periodicals archive ?
These three species are the tachinid fly Trigonospila brevifacies (Hardy), which attacks late larval stages, and the pupal ichneumonid parasitoids Xanthopimpla rhopaloceros Krieger and Glabridorsum stokesii (Cameron).
For example, the European parasitic tachinid fly, Compsilura concinnata, was liberated in the United States from 1906 through 1927 in an attempt to control the gypsy moth, Lymantria dispar (Reardon 1981).
Confounding factors include fluctuations in naturally occurring pest and parasitoid populations, difficulties employing exclusion cages to isolate infested plants for a 12-14 mo crop cycle, and gaps in our understanding of tachinid fly ecology, i.
Parasitic flies include more than 1,300 species of tachinid fly (Diptera), which look like hairy houseflies.
texanus larvae are known to be parasitized only by pteromalid wasps (Tindall, unpublished data) and a tachinid fly, Zelia tricolor (Coquillett) (Tindall & Fothergill 2010).