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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(or tacheometer), a geodetic instrument used in tachymetric surveying to measure the position of a point relative to the instrument station. The tachymeter permits determination of the horizontal angle β, the vertical angle v, the distance s, and the difference h between the elevation of the point and the elevation of the instrument station.

Several types of tachymeters exist. The rotary tachymeter is a repeating transit that has a vertical circle with a cylindrical level; the telescope is provided with stadia hairs. Nomographic and autoreducing tachymeters permit h to be determined from a vertical rod and a nomograph visible in the field of view of the telescope; such tachymeters make use of a double-image range finder to determine horizontal s from a horizontal rod. In another type of tachymeter, the base line is an integral part of the instrument. Such a tachymeter can be used to determine horizontal s directly and to find h from the measured angle v.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

tachymeter, tacheometer, tachometer

A surveying instrument designed for use in the rapid determination of distance, direction, and difference of elevation from a single observation, using a short base which may be an integral part of the instrument.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.