Acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)* with dyspnoea, tachypnoea
, and acute respiratory acidosis (hypercapnia and decreased arterial pH) plus at least one of the following: * Acute cardiovascular instability * Altered mental status or persistent uncooperativeness * Inability to protect the lower airway * Copious or unusually viscous secretions * Abnormalities of the face or upper airway that would prevent effective non-invasive positive pressure ventilation 3.
of the newborn is recognised by presenting unilaterally on radiographs
The patient may present with tachypnoea
and dyspnoea followed by hypoxaemia and respiratory failure requiring intubation and artificial ventilation.
In those patients who did have this vital observation monitored, none had tachypnoea
or bradypnoea in the 24 hour period and only one patient had an abnormal oxygen saturation (89%) on transfer to the ward.
Some may have suffered from fever-associated tachypnoea
Clinical signs of cCHD in the neonates may be subtle or they may present with cyanosis, unexplained acidosis, and tachypnoea
without respiratory concerns, shock or even sudden death.
3[degrees]C) * Hypothermia (core temperature <36[degrees]C) * Heart rate >90 bpm * Tachypnoea
, respiratory rate >25/min * Altered mental status * Significant oedema or positive fluid balance (>20 mL/kg over 24 h) * Hyperglycaemia (plasma glucose >140 mg/dL or 7.
Respiratory Dysfunction- Acute cyanosis, gasping, severe tachypnoea
(respiratory rate > 40 breaths per minute), severe bradypnoea (respiratory rate < 6 breaths per minute), intubation and ventilation not related to anaesthesia, severe hypoxaemia ([O.
The physical examination determined a body temperature of 39[degrees]C, tachypnoea
, subcostal retraction, crepitant rales on auscultation of the lungs and anasarca-type oedema.
(>20 breaths per minute) or an arterial carbon dioxide concentration of <32 mmHg
On examination, he was unconscious, responsive only to painful stimuli, in hypotension, with tachycardia and tachypnoea
Greene (2012) also reported clinical symptoms observed in the study along with rapid dehydration, peripheral vascular collapse, tachypnoea
, irregular pulse, haematochezia, haematemesis, epistaxis, widespread petechiae, hepatic and renal failure and subsequently death.