Under the new contract, Northrop Grumman will help to sustain and upgrade the circuit card assemblies, software and hardware of the command and control systems that support the Tactical Air Operations
(94.) See the AAF Evaluation Board Report "The Effectiveness of Third Phase Tactical Air Operations
in the European Theater."
Whether this occurs on the E-8C, E-3, E-2, or MC-12--or in a ground-based control and reporting center or tactical air operations
center--the BMC2 function exists.
RS05 focused on Joint Theater Air and Missile Defense and the Joint Tactical Air Operations
, and units participating in the exercise played in both FTX and simulation, but for Signal Soldiers there was no simulation.
Tasking responsibilities for supplementary roles of tactical air (e.g., airlift, escort, herbicide, etc.) were not clearly defined, and there was no single source of information to assist in determining the adequacy or inadequacy of tactical air operations
. However, the most significant weakness of the dual system was the inability to allocate air resources in support of all allied ground forces in an optimum manner to meet changing enemy tactics and threats.
In contrast, tactical air operations
in direct support of ground commanders, such as close air support [CAS] and armed overwatch, are more effective when conducted with a high degree of decentralization.
Editorial Abstract: A look at tactical air operations in World War II illuminates important aspects of coalition warfare and the command and control of airpower.
Even as both nations drew closer to tactical aviation with the approach of World War II, they left for the battlefield the difficult and delicate matter of command relationships among ground and air leaders--in many ways the nub of tactical air operations. In Britain teasing out the nuance between "contingent" and "component" aviation fueled bickering among air and ground leaders until Prime Minister Winston Churchill proclaimed the situation "helpless." In the end, however, even his forceful persuasion could not broker a solution.