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taffeta,cloth, originally silk but now also made of synthetic fibers, supposed to have originated in Persia. The name, derived from Persian, means "twisted woven." Taffeta is in the same class and demand as satin made of silk. The cloth is made of a plain or tabby weave, and the textures vary considerably. In addition there are two types of silk taffeta. Piece-dyed taffeta is often used in linings and is quite soft. Yarn-dyed taffeta is much stiffer and is often used in evening dresses. Taffeta is also used in ribbons, umbrellas, and some electrical insulation.
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A plain-woven, usually silk fabric that has a smooth finish and sheen on both sides.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
a. a crisp lustrous plain-weave silk, rayon, etc., used esp for women's clothes
b. (as modifier): a taffeta petticoat
2. any of various similar fabrics
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005