Thar

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Thar

 

a desert and semidesert plain in India and Pakistan, situated along the left bank of the Indus River. The Thar extends from north to south for 850 km and has an area of approximately 300,000 sq km. It is composed of sands of alluvial, marine, or eolian origin overlying ancient sandstones that emerge on the surface in some places. Overgrown sand ridges and parabolic and oar-shaped dunes predominate, and barchans are also encountered. Human activities were responsible, in part, for the further growth of the desert. The climate is tropical, and annual precipitation, most of which falls during the summer monsoon season, varies from 90 mm in the west to 200 mm in the east. Dust storms are frequent.

Small lakes, salt marshes, and takyrs are found in the depressions between sand ridges. There is abundant subterranean water, which is saline in some areas. The sparse vegetation consists of psammophilic shrubs (Leptadenia pirotechnica, Capparis, Calligonum) and occasional acacias and coarse grasses. There is grazing of livestock, and irrigation agriculture is practiced in the oases and in the Indus valley.

References in periodicals archive ?
The conservation introduction of the Arabian Tahr has been the result of joint efforts by the Sir Bani Yas Operations Team, the Environment Agency Abu Dhabi (EAD), Barari Forest Management (BFM), which manages the island's flora and fauna, and Al Bustan Zoological Centre (ABZC), a non-commercial zoo based in Sharjah.
This is the only place in the UAE, apart from Jebel Hafeet, which has a population of the very shy Arabian tahr and one of the only three places in the world where you can find them.
Abu Dhabi -- The endangered Arabian tahr has returned to Sir Bani Yas Island in the Western Region of Abu Dhabi emirate, where it will be "housed" in a safe habitat for conservation and research purposes.
Eravikulam National Park, on the fringes of Munnar, is where the endangered Nilgiri tahr can be spotted.
Muscat: The Arabian tahr, or ibex, could soon be removed from the endangered species list, thanks to ground-breaking research at SQU.
Nabil Tahr Al-Suhaibi, the dean of the university, said that they "just need the government and the relevant authority's attention to take urgent action".
Ammo is easy to get hold of down here, and with its flat-shooting, long-range hitting power it is ideal for hunting chamois and tahr in our Southern Alps.
The Central Zoo Authority has designated this zoo for the conservation and breeding of 10 endangered high altitude animal species including Snow Leopard, Red Panda, Tibetan Wolf, Blue Sheep, Himalayan Tahr, Himalayan Blood Pheasant and Satyr Tragopan.
The Telfords also offer stag hunts on high-fenced lands, as well as high-country hunts for tahr and chamois.
Its main concern is the conservation of Arabian species, including breeding programmes for the Arabian oryx, sand gazelle, mountain gazelle and the Arabian tahr which, although not dissimilar in appearance to a domestic goat, is extremely rare.
It's a place where you can see animals like the tahr - a sort of mountain goat - and a flying fox, neither of which exist anywhere else.
She added that EAD's experts continue to deploy camera traps around Jebel Hafeet that have helped gather information about the presence and distribution of unique mammals such as the Arabian Tahr, Blanford's Fox and Red Fox.