Thar

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Thar

 

a desert and semidesert plain in India and Pakistan, situated along the left bank of the Indus River. The Thar extends from north to south for 850 km and has an area of approximately 300,000 sq km. It is composed of sands of alluvial, marine, or eolian origin overlying ancient sandstones that emerge on the surface in some places. Overgrown sand ridges and parabolic and oar-shaped dunes predominate, and barchans are also encountered. Human activities were responsible, in part, for the further growth of the desert. The climate is tropical, and annual precipitation, most of which falls during the summer monsoon season, varies from 90 mm in the west to 200 mm in the east. Dust storms are frequent.

Small lakes, salt marshes, and takyrs are found in the depressions between sand ridges. There is abundant subterranean water, which is saline in some areas. The sparse vegetation consists of psammophilic shrubs (Leptadenia pirotechnica, Capparis, Calligonum) and occasional acacias and coarse grasses. There is grazing of livestock, and irrigation agriculture is practiced in the oases and in the Indus valley.

References in periodicals archive ?
The gestation period for the newborn female tahr was four-and-a-half months.
Current study was undertaken within TAHR, between latitudes 0[degrees]30' and 18[degrees]05'S and between longitude meridians 45[degrees]45' and 56[degrees]20'W (Figure 1).
This is the only place in the UAE, apart from Jebel Hafeet, which has a population of the very shy Arabian tahr and one of the only three places in the world where you can find them.
Other species include chamois, tahr, feral goats and sheep.
We all took trophy red stags, and Justin also managed to shoot a beautiful bull tahr and a great fallow stag.
Forty-minutes southwest of Muscat, the steep and jagged slopes of Jebel Aswad, the 'Black Mountain', and Jebel Abyadh, part of the Wadi Sireen Nature Reserve, are home to one of the least known, least researched, most timid mammal in the world--the Arabian Tahr.
Twenty-five species of mammals and 170 types of birds are found in a nature reserve covering an area of 1,400 hectares (3,500 acres), including striped hyenas, caracals -- also known as the desert lynx -- and the Arabian tahr.
Oman's rugged interior is the natural habitat for the Oryx antelopes, the Arabian tahr and the Arabian leopard, while its coastal waters are home to dolphins, whales and sea turtles.
GHNPCA is home to several Rare and Threatened species including the Western Tragopan, Chir Pheasant, Snow Leopard, Himalayan Musk Deer, Asiatic Black Bear, Himalayan Tahr, Blue Sheep and Serow.
It is one of the world's last three remaining strongholds of the Arabian tahr.
If you can tear your gaze from it though, you'll find that chamois, tahr and red stag are all on the list of huntable critters.
The snow leopard preys on blue sheep, musk deer, Himalayan tahr, marmot, pika and galliformes such as snowcock, monal and snow partridge.