taille


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taille:

see tallagetallage
, Fr. taille, a type of feudal tax. In its origins tallage is not clearly distinguishable from aids (a type of feudal due), and in Germany it never developed beyond an occasional "voluntary" gift from vassal to lord.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Taille

 

a direct tax levied in France from the 15th century to the end of the 18th century. Introduced as a temporary tax during the reign of Louis IX (1226–70), the taille became permanent in 1439, when a standing army was established by ordonnance.

The taille consisted of two kinds of taxes: a personal tax (taille personnelle), imposed in northern France on the members of the Third Estate; and a real, or property, tax (taille réelle), levied in southern France on all nonprivileged land (terre roturière), without regard for the landowner’s estate, so that even a member of the nobility would pay the taille if he owned land that had previously belonged to a member of the Third Estate. In the 17th and 18th centuries, however, it was primarily the peasants who paid the taille—which, because of its heavy burden and arbitrary assessment, became one of the country’s most hated taxes. The taille was abolished during the French Revolution.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Pour cela, il faut utiliser la technique du transit, qui permet de mesurer sa taille, puis de calculer sa densite et sa composition (gazeuse ou pas).
The Chrono 4 Grande Taille also uses rubber in the crown with an 'E' in relief, standing for Eberhard, but also in the push buttons where the material adorns the circumference.
Desormais disponible en 2 tailles M et XL de 4,40m et 4,75m en 5 et 7 places, le Berlingo a ete presente en Premiere Mondiale au Salon de l'Automobile de Geneve.
Segundo La Taille (2006), do ponto de vista psicologico, todas as pessoas podem experimentar o sentimento de obrigatoriedade que recebe conteudos diversos, dependendo do contexto cultural.
Water resistant to 50 m, the case of the Extra-fort Grande Taille is fixed with 6 screws; the model comes with an alligator strap or a "Chalin" steel bracelet.
The most important merit of this book is that it thoroughly familiarizes the reader with the fascinating thought-world of an interesting but undeservedly forgotten theologian, the French Jesuit Maurice de la Taille (1872-1933).
Such progression paves the way for a humanist interpretation of La Taille's original comedy.
"L'etude conclut que nous pouvons reduire de facon strategique la taille de nos forces terrestres et aeriennes tactiques, au-dela de la baisse deja programmee", a-t-il affirme en presentant les conclusions de l'etude a la presse.
Ce reseau inter--individuel a une densite relativement forte (5,8%) compte tenu de sa taille. (6) Les cinq reseaux de conseil ont ete reconstitues et analyses separement et conjointement.
D'autres variables interviennent egalement comme les biens substituis (l'eau en bouteilles), le type de location, la taille du menage et le niveau d'instruction qu'il faut les prendre en consideration comme des variables explicatives de la disposition a payer.