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1. a place, esp a small building, for the retail sale of goods and services
2. shut up shop to close business at the end of the day or permanently



the basic production subdivision of an industrial enterprise. As part of the overall process of production, shops perform certain specific functions in the manufacture of products and the delivery of technological or auxiliary services to primary production or to the enterprise as a whole. Depending on their functions, shops are divided into primary production shops, auxiliary shops, servicing shops, subordinate shops, and ancillary (or byproduct) shops.

Primary production shops (osnovnye tsekhi) are those engaged in the technological process of manufacturing the enterprise’s product. In metallurgical plants, for example, such shops include the blast-furnace, open-hearth, and rolling shops. In machine-building enterprises the primary production shops are subdivided into blanking (or die-cutting), machining, and assembly shops.

Auxiliary shops (vspomogatel’nye tsekhi) provide technical services to the primary production shops or to the entire enterprise. Their function is to repair buildings and equipment, manufacture and repair technological equipment for the primary production shops, and supply the enterprise with all forms of energy.

Servicing shops (obsluzhivaiushchie tsekhi) and annexes perform maintenance and, in part, technical functions in servicing the primary production shops and the entire plant. Such services include the acceptance, storage, distribution, and transportation of raw materials, other materials, fuel, semifinished and finished products, and waste products (plant warehousing and transportation).

Subordinate shops (podsobnye tsekhi) include shops engaged in the preparation of packing and crating materials and containers—that is, products needed for the release of the primary production output.

Ancillary shops (pobochnye tsekhi), which contribute to the total output by manufacturing by-products, include slag shops in metallurgical plants and the salvaging shops (that is, shops that manufacture consumer goods) in machine-building plants.

The shop categories differ in the various enterprises, depending on the branch of industry, the type of product, and the scale and methods of production. Large shops are subdivided into departments, sections, and assembly lines. Small enterprises sometimes operate on a nonshop basis—that is, without any shops at all.


Organizatsiia i planirovanie mashinostroitel’nogo proizvodstva, 3rd ed. Moscow, 1974.
References in periodicals archive ?
Not only will the assembly be a talking shop, but as this analysis shows, a puppet for the Government of the day.
Piecing together Jones' statements and other public statements from S4C we now know with certainty, and for the record, that: * S4C's new media forum is no more than a talking shop with no executive commissioning power, influence or budget.
Us Scots also now know we are a nation with our own government, not just a talking shop for Westminster.
Nearly pounds 70m for a talking shop when heroes like Ian Botham and many others had to walk the length of Britain to help raise money for a children's hospital in Wales.
THE Queen was today opening Parliament - not at Westminster but in Birmingham, where children have their own talking shop.
Ministers have created a talking shop culture to give the illusion of activity, when in fact they are doing very little other than listening to the advice of focus groups.
But the 69-year-old MP wants to be UK representative to the 47-strong Council of Europe human rights talking shop.
Tory Assembly leader Nick Bourne said: "Rhodri Morgan wants government by talking shop.
If they put more finances into hospitals instead of wasting pounds 60m on a hot-air talking shop, there wouldn't be any problems.
As a member of the European Parliament he is a very well remunerated participant in the biggest, most costly and most useless talking shop of all.
He says it's policy - it is a work phone - but usually it's just workmates talking shop.
All that seems to be in place now is a talking shop that costs a lot of money and this seems to be getting worse.