tallage


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tallage

tallage (tălˈĭj), Fr. taille, a type of feudal tax. In its origins tallage is not clearly distinguishable from aids (a type of feudal due), and in Germany it never developed beyond an occasional “voluntary” gift from vassal to lord. The French taille, which became widespread and varied according to local custom, was generally a tax levied by the king or lord on his subjects or on the lands or other property they held. In the 15th cent. the taille became a royal tax from which the nobility was exempt, and other privileged groups, including the clergy and the bourgeoisie, later managed to gain exemption. Thus the main burden of the taille, which had become the most important direct tax, fell upon the peasantry and was lifted only by the French Revolution. The English tax known as tallage, introduced by the Norman kings as a partial substitute for the Danegeld, was levied by the kings and lords on their demesne lands (see demesne); under Richard I and John it became a common source of royal revenue. Included within the royal demesne were the chartered towns, which resisted the collection of tallage. London especially protested the tax, and the legality of the tallage collection in that city is a much-disputed historical problem. In 1297 a petition of Edward I prohibited tallage collection without the assent of barons, knights, and burgesses; however, this was not a statute, and the king did not cede his right to tallage. In 1312, London again resisted a tallage; in 1332 Parliament protested imposition of a tallage; and in 1340 Edward III, in return for a subsidy, made an agreement often interpreted as a promise not to collect tallage but apparently only a pledge not to violate old custom. As other means of raising money grew common, tallage disappeared in the reign of Edward III.
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References in periodicals archive ?
In Williams, one particular aspect of Tallage's standard operating procedure was at issue.
(60) In the Memoriale presbiterorum, an interrogatory for priests, knights are to be asked if they have exacted excessive tallage and other taxes from their tenants, especially the poor, and it is added that a knight ought to know that by divine law, anything more than what is owed to him by right or by custom is ravine.
whether under the name of toll, tribute, tallage, gabel, impost, duty, custom, excise, subsidy, aid, supply or other name."
1210 NOVEMBER 1, King John, brother of Richard the Lionheart, began persecuting Jews, ordering them to pay a tallage. Those who refused to pay were arrested.
From the historical summary page, users can also discover the meanings of "carucate," "danegeld," "scutage," and "tallage," as well as visit the Tax History Project via the provided external link.
101-02 that a number of the various local taxes gathered for the Duchy of Lancaster had French names--'pavage, passage, payage, lestage, stallage, tallage, carriage, pesage'.
Thereafter the author isolates a number of important facets: Jewish settlement prior to the regulatory statute of 1275; the position of Jews as "royal villeins" -- under Edward's protection but very much at his disposal; the manner and extent of the exaction of royal tallage; the attempt to prohibit usury -- entailing the "Edwardian experiment"; as well as the economic conditions of widespread "provincial Jewries." There follows an analysis of Christian debtors, the other side of the coin, as it were, while the final chapter is devoted to the theories devised to explain the expulsion, with some attempt to reach a viable conclusion.
The I.P.M.s were surveys ordered by the king when one of his lay tenants-in-chief died or was otherwise incapacitated (for example, through imbecility) and included all the income-producing assets that might be expected from an estate: knights' fees, tolls (from markets, fairs, bridges and roads), feudal dues (such as tallage), court profits and revenues from demesne and tenant lands.
That is what selectmen will decide after hearing about the process from Bill Cowin, of Tallage Inc., a Boston-based company that buys tax title liens as an investment.
$20,000, 17 Main St, Tallage IMP LLC, to Blast Tech Inc.
Autrement dit, le pays a encore besoin de pluies, surtout que le ble dans certaines regions est encore au stade du debut tallage, notamment dans la region du nord.