Tangier

(redirected from Tangere)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Financial.

Tangier,

island, E Va., in S Chesapeake Bay. Capt. John Smith first visited the island in 1608, and in 1620 settlers arrived from Cornwall, England. Isolated from the mainland, the people of Tangier developed a distinct culture.

Tangier

(tănjēr`), ancient Tingis, city (1994 pop. 497,147), N Morocco, on the Strait of Gibraltar. The city has a busy port and building, fishing, and textiles industries. Tourism is also important. The walled Moorish town adjoins a European suburb. Tangier was probably founded by the Phoenicians. It was a free city under the Romans and the chief port and commercial center of Morocco until the founding (808) of Fès. It was captured from the Moors by the Portuguese in 1471 and was transferred to England as part of the dowry that Catherine of Braganza brought to Charles II. The English abandoned the city to the Moroccans in 1684. By the mid-19th cent. it had become the diplomatic center of Morocco. When the rest of the country was divided between Spanish and French protectorates in 1912, the status of Tangier remained vague. Finally, in 1923–24, an international zone administered by France, Spain, and Britain (Italy joined in 1928), was set up. The city was included in the zone as a duty-free port. During World War II, Spain controlled the zone. In 1945 it was returned to international control by agreement of Britain, France, the United States, and the USSR. Tangier remained under international control until 1956 when it was returned to Morocco.

Tangier

 

(also Tanger; in Arabic, Tanja), a city and seaport in northern Morocco; situated on the Strait of Gibraltar. Capital of Tangier Province. Population, 187,900 (1971).

Tangier is the trade, transportation, and transit center of northern Morocco. Major exports are citrus fruits, vegetables, and preserved fish and fruit. The city has enterprises of the food-processing, textile, and cement industries. In 1965 a duty-free zone was established in the port to bolster the city’s economy. Tangier is connected by railroad with the city of Fès, and an international airport is located nearby.

Tangier was founded at the end of the second millennium B.C. by Phoenician colonists. In the first century B.C. it came under Roman rule. The city was conquered by the Vandals in the fifth century A.D., by Byzantium in the sixth century, and by the Arabs in the early eighth century. Tangier was one of the major economic and cultural centers of northern Morocco. It was conquered by the Portuguese in 1471 and was nominally ruled by Spain from 1580 to 1643. In 1661 it passed to England as part of the dowry of the Portuguese infanta Catherine of Braganza, bride of the English king Charles II. In 1684 it was reunited with Morocco and became one of the capitals of the Moroccan state.

In 1912 an imperialist partition of Morocco put Tangier and approximately 380 sq km of surrounding area under the jurisdiction of a special regime. In 1923, France, Great Britain, and Spain signed a convention declaring Tangier an international, neutral demilitarized zone; the city nominally remained under the sovereignty of the Moroccan sultan but actually was under the jurisdiction of the Committee of Control and other international administrative agencies.

From 1940 to 1945, Tangier was occupied by Spain. It was reunited with Morocco in 1957, after the declaration of independence of Morocco in 1956. This political reunion was confirmed in October 1956 by a conference of countries party to an agreement on Tangier’s status, including France, Spain, Italy, the USA, and representatives of Morocco.

REFERENCES

SSSR i arabskie strany, 1917–1960: Sb. dokumentov. Moscow, 1961. Pages 228, 287–88.
Durdenevskii, V. “K likvidatsii zony Tanzhera.” Mezhdunarodnaia zhizn’, 1957, no. 1.
Tanger et sa zone. Paris, 1920.
Crowder, M. “Tanger: International City.” Geographical Magazine, 1957, vol. 29, no. 12, pp 596–606.
“Tanger depuis l’indépendance du Maroc.” Maghreb, January-February 1966, no. 13, pp. 38–51.

Tangier

a port in N Morocco, on the Strait of Gibraltar: a Phoenician trading post in the 15th century bc; a neutral international zone (1923--56); made the summer capital of Morocco and a free port in 1962; commercial and financial centre. Pop.: 526 000 (2003)
References in periodicals archive ?
In reference to the biblical scene of Noli me tangere, Nancy writes: "L'amour et la verite touchent en repoussant: ils font reculer celle ou celui qu'ils atteignent, car leur atteinte revele, dans la touche meme, qu'ils sont hors de portee".
Our history teachers have taught us the tales from Jose Rizal's classic masterpiece 'Noli Me Tangere,' which delves into the corruption and injustice during the Spanish regime in the Philippines.
A modernizer who had, to this very day, remained current and significant, and not just because of his translations of Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo.
Jose Rizal to write the chapter on Maria Clara's mad fit in 'Noli Me Tangere.
Loida Nicolas-Lewis said she shed tears when she first watched "Noli Me Tangere, the Opera" in the United States.
Next is an image of a ship which represents Rizal's travels, a portrait of a lady relating to the women he loved, an image of his novel 'Noli Me Tangere,' and depictions of his return to the country from Spain and eventual exile to Dapitan in Zamboanga del Norte.
Jose Rizal's novel 'Noli Me Tangere (Touch Me Not).
Rizal's father Francisco Mercado and his only brother Paciano were top rice producers in Calamba for many years before Noli Mi Tangere became a disturbing reading material in Metro Manila beginning April,1887.
The foremost example has to be 'Sisa,' a character in Jose Rizal's 'Noli Me Tangere,' the poor mother of two altar boys, Crispin and Basilio, who disappeared without explanation.
Francisco helped Jose Rizal hide the manuscript for Noli Me Tangere.
Maximo Viola House, built in 1906 by Rizal's friend who helped fund the publication of his novel 'Noli Me Tangere,' has been largely renovated except for the sala and the facade.
Ino Manalo, erudite chairman of the National Archives of the Philippines, whose compelling essay, "Con la sangre de mi corazon" is subtitled, "Repainting the world of Rizal's NOLI ME TANGERE.