target designation

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Target Designation


the designation of target locations, as practiced in combat and in training exercises. Target designation may be conducted directly from the firing point by directing a telestereoscope, periscope, or similar device on the target (with the target transmitter and receiver located at the same point), or it may be carried out from an orienting point (with the transmitter located no more than 100 m from the receiver). Other means used include tracer projectiles, bullets, and rockets fired in the direction of the target and illuminating aerial bombs and artillery shells. Target designation may also be carried out on a topographic map, aerial photograph, or uncontrolled photomosaic with rectangular coordinates from a reference or base point or by locating the target on map quadrants.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

target designation

The process of marking or other-wise pointing to a target by any means, such as by laser, flare, or smoke, or setting it into a head-up display or fire control system. A target may be designated either from the aircraft launching the weapon, by another aircraft, or by a ground station. See laser designator.
An Illustrated Dictionary of Aviation Copyright © 2005 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved
References in periodicals archive ?
The output is intended to be integrated on an extensive variety of platforms (ground-to-ground and air-to-ground) and to provide integrated and autonomous target designation capability.
As part of its assistance, Tajikistan received radar stations from Russia intended for detecting and tracking airborne objects, as well as issuing target designation to air defense complexes in Tajikistan.
"This will ensure the centralized management of all Syrian air defense forces and facilities, monitoring of the situation in the airspace and prompt target designation. Most importantly, it will ensure identification of all Russian aircraft by the Syrian air defense forces, "he added.
Ability to target designation and video from UAV systems (drones)  or other sources
This enables large defense drones to perform tasks such as fire support, target designation, targeted strike missions, and intelligence gathering and surveillance.
In other words, the whole chain, from target designation to shell or warhead terminal effect, has tightened.
According to L-3, its new Scarab system is a modular laser designator equipped with rangefinding and an IR thermal imager, providing accurate target designation during the day, night and in nearly all battlefield conditions.
Once we received clearance from tower to enter the pattern, I made a target designation near the back of the ship.
Targets used are either eight-inch round falling plates or cardboard targets nicknamed "tombstone" (target designation NRA AP-1).
It has the potential military missions like reconnaissance and surveillance, target acquisition, target designation, communications relay, battle damage assessment and signal intelligence.
Lasers are also used in military for the purpose of range finding, target designation and illumination.