Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.
Related to tarots: horoscope


(târ`ōz), playing cards that are used mainly for fortunetelling, sometimes called "the book of divination of the Gypsies." It is generally believed that the cards were introduced into Western Europe by the Romani (Gypsies) in the mid-15th cent. There is much conjecture about their origin. The pack of 78 cards is divided into the minor arcana, or 56 pictorial cards that roughly resemble the modern deck of 52 cards: wands (clubs), cups (hearts), swords (spades), and pentacles (diamonds). Each of the four suits comprises 14 cards, 10 numbered from ace to 10 and 4 court cards—king, queen, knight, and page. The 22 additional pictorial cards, called the major arcana, are numbered from zero to 21. The pictures on the 78 cards are allegorical, representing forces of nature and the virtues or vices of man. Interpretations and ways of determining the meanings of the cards vary greatly.


See B. G. Walker, The Secrets of the Tarot (1984); J. Sharman-Burke, The Complete Book of Tarot (1986).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
References in periodicals archive ?
Et pourtant, comme les almanachs (1) ou les images d'Epinal (2), les cartes de Tarot laissent voir des scenes de genre qui entrent incontestablement dans la categorie de l'imagerie populaire designant << une production d'estampes, generalement en couleurs, de petit ou de moyen format, mais egalement d'autres illustrations comme les vignettes des livres par exemple, les en-tetes de correspondances administratives ou commerciales, voire encore les cartes a jouer destinees a etre vendues a la piece et a tres faible prix >> (3).
A partir d'un corpus constitue des images representant des femmes et des hommes se livrant a la pratique d'exercices corporels, l'analyse proposee ci-apres se donne pour projet de decrypter les messages des 42 saynetes en tete-beche des atouts du Tarot Nouveau (6) elabore au tournant des XIXe et XXe siecles par le cartier francais Baptiste-Paul Grimaud qui, sous une relative << innocence >> quant a leur forme, dissimulent leur nature profonde et manifestent, de facon detournee et deformee, l'expression d'une ideologie sous un mythe total bien vivant (7).
De l'invention du Tarot italien a la creation du Tarot Nouveau
Continuites et ruptures marquent l'histoire des cartes de Tarot depuis la Renaissance.
We will return to analysis of 'hermetic mysteries' of tarot shortly.
The ancient Qabalistic tarot and Tree of Life have offered the tools with which to do this type of transformational work.
At this point the question is begged, what is it about the tarot that has made it into such a special tool for so many people.
Subsequent to the publication of these essays, the tarot was picked up by famous cartomancers, including Etteilla and Mlle.