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see Przewalski's horsePrzewalski's horse
, wild horse of Asia, Equus przewalski, E. ferus przewalski, or E. caballus przewalski, the only extant wild horse that, in the purebred state, is not descended from the domestic horse.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Equus caballus gmelini), a subspecies of the domestic horse and the probable ancestor of several breeds of domestic horses. Once widely distributed in the steppes of the European USSR and some European countries, the tarpan was found in the Ukraine until the 1870’s. It disappeared as a result of natural displacement by herds of domestic animals and partly as a result of extermination. Difficult to domesticate, the tarpan was small, standing 116–136 cm high at the shoulders. The compact body was of a mousy gray color and had a black stripe down the back, a black upright mane, and a black tail.


Sokolov, I. I. Kopylnye zveri (otriady Perissodactyla i Artiodactyla). Moscow-Leningrad, 1959. (Fauna SSSR: Mlekopitaiushchie, vol. 1, no. 3.)
Mlekopitaiushchie Sovetskogo Soiuza, vol. 1. Edited by V. G. Geptner and N. P. Naumov. Moscow, 1961.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Apart from red deer, roe deer, wild boar and wisent, Old World rewilders also use proxies for the aurochs (Bos primigeniuis) and the tarpan (Equus przewalski gmelini).
Tarpan horses, a breed that disappeared from the wild in Europe two centuries ago, were reintroduced in Southeast Bulgaria back in September 2011.
Investigaciones que se realizaron en Polonia con dos grupos de caballos Tarpan, libres en llanura (salvajes) y estabulados, demostraron mayores recuentos de hpg en los animales del segundo grupo y una mayor prevalencia de S.
Volkswagen took over the former Tarpan factory in Poland in 1993.
The plant began operations in 1993 as a joint venture with Polish carmaker FSR Tarpan. Since 1997, it has been fully owned by Volkswagen commercial vehicles.
Horses (Equus caballus) called koniks, which run free in the biosphere reserve of Bialowieza, show a morphological convergence with the extinct tarpan (E.
STEVE MATTHEWS, 47, one of the Queen's head coachmen, has been employed as a "horse whisperer" to tame a wild Tarpan stallion, which has been imported from Poland by the Suffolk Wildlife Trust.
Equus lambei, the Yukon horse, was "the easternmost representative of a circumpolar species of small, caballoid, horse of which Przewalski's horse and the tarpan were the last wild Eurasian survivors" (Forsten, 1988:163).
Custom Video Co., 877 Appaloosa Road, Tarpan Springs, FL 34689