tarpon

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Related to tarpons: Megalopidae

tarpon

(tär`pŏn), common name for members of the family Megalopidae, or Elopidae, large game fish of the warm seas of the Western Hemisphere, ranging occasionally from Long Island to Brazil and to the west coast of Africa and entering freshwater streams freely. Their heavy, silvery scales, sometimes used as ornaments, give them the name silver king. Tarpons average 6 ft (183 cm) in length and 150 lb (67.5 kg) in weight, although some may be over 8 ft (244 cm) long and weigh more than 300 lb (135 kg). Active and predacious, they prey on schools of small fry. They are deep-sea game-fishing favorites, particularly Megalops atlanticus, found in the warmer parts of the Atlantic Ocean. Tarpons are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Actinopterygii, order Elopiformes, family Megalopidae, or Elopidae.

tarpon

[′tär·pən]
(vertebrate zoology)
Megalops atlantica. A herringlike fish of the family Elopidae weighing up to 300 pounds (136 kilograms) and reaching a length of 8 feet (2.4 meters); it has a single soft, rayed dorsal fin, strong jaws, a bony plate under the mouth, numerous small teeth, and coarse, bony flesh covered with large scales.
References in periodicals archive ?
Fishin' Franks on southbound Tamiami Trail in Charlotte Harbor (941-625-3888), is a full-service tackle shop that carries everything from complete tarpon rigs to tarpon bait.
A southern tributary of the Charlotte Harbor/Pine Island Sound complex, the Caloosahatchee has its own colorful history of tarpon fishing.
Today there's a good-size cadre of local fishermen who tackle the big Caloosahatchee tarpon, mostly fishing live bait or dead bait on bottom.
He trolls for tarpon using the Bomber 17A (favorite color: chartreuse); 50-pound braided polyethylene line ("mono doesn't hold up around the structure here ..."); and 100-pound-test monofilament leader.
"I run 'em short," he said of the plugs, "and pretty fast--too slow and you get too many catfish, I've read so many articles about tarpon being afraid of outboards; I've had 'em hit 15 feet from the boat."
Still, most of the fish throw the lure after a few jumps, typical for tarpon.
"Between March 16 and May 10 this year, I had 147 tarpon hooked; I boated 28--took the hooks out before release.
"A lot of people say I'm obsessed with tarpon. I guess I am.