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tarragon(târ`əgŏn), perennial aromatic Old World herb (Artemisia dracunculus) of the family Asteraceae (asteraster
[Gr.,=star], common name for the Asteraceae (Compositae), the aster family, in North America, name for plants of the genus Aster, sometimes called wild asters, and for a related plant more correctly called China aster (Callistephus chinensis
..... Click the link for more information. family), of the same genus as wormwood and sagebrush. It has long been cultivated in Europe and W Asia for its leaves, used for flavoring vinegar, salads, sauces, soups, and pickles. Its essential oil, sometimes called estragon, is occasionally used in perfume or, in the Old World, medicinally to stimulate appetite or as a diuretic. Tarragon is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
..... Click the link for more information. , class Magnoliopsida, order Asterales, family Asteraceae.
the foliage of Artemisia dracunculus. It is used as an herb, especially in Transcaucasia.
(Artemisia dracunculus), a perennial plant of the family Compositae. The herbaceous stem is 60–125 cm tall. The leaves are lanceolate-linear, and the white flowers are in round heads.
Tarragon is native to Mongolia and Southern Siberia. It is also distributed in Asia Minor, Middle Asia, Mongolia, North China, and North America. The plant is cultivated in Iran, India, the USA, Brazil, Sri Lanka, Great Britain, the Federal Republic of Germany, Hungary, Bulgaria, and the USSR (in Transcaucasia). The aromatic leaves are used as salad greens and as condiments or seasonings. They are also used for pickling vegetables.
Tarragon requires fertile soils. The seedlings are planted in open ground and spaced about 25 cm apart. In the south tarragon overwinters well in open ground; in the north it is covered with humus. Tarragon can be cultivated on the same plot for ten to 15 years.