Taurocholic Acid

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Related to taurocholate: glycocholate

taurocholic acid

[¦tȯr·ə¦kȯl·ik ′as·əd]
C26H45NO7S A common bile acid with a five-carbon chain; it is the product of the conjugation of taurine with cholic acid; crystallizes from an alcohol ether solution, and decomposes at about 125°C. Also known as cholaic acid; cholytaurine.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Taurocholic Acid


one of the conjugate bile acids; a product of the conjugation of cholic acid with taurine. It is formed in the liver of animals and man and released with bile into the intestine. It participates in fat metabolism, facilitating the emulsifiction of fats and activating the enzyme lipase, thereby promoting the digestion and absorption of fats.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The solubility studies were assessed following two methods: 1) the effect of pH and 2) the effect of concentrations of sodium taurocholate and lecithin.
Sodium taurocholate cotransporting polypeptide is a functional receptor for human hepatitis B and D virus.
Huidekoper et al., "Sodium taurocholate cotransporting polypeptide (SLC10A1) deficiency: Conjugated hypercholanemia without a clear clinical phenotype," Hepatology, vol.
Higher histopathologic scores were shown in both AP-mLI and AP-sLI groups at 6, 12, and 24 h after sodium taurocholate administration than in the control group at each time point (Figure 2(j)).
The taurocholate cycloserine cefoxitin agar medium used in this study has been shown to have lower recoverability for C.
Lysates from these cells were used to perform assays containing 2 [micro]g of cell protein in an assay cocktail consisting of 150 [micro]mol/L GALC-S and 5 [micro]mol/L GALC-IS in citrate-phosphate buffer with sodium oleate and sodium taurocholate, pH 4.2.
Candidates for more reliable markers include leukotriene E4, taurocholate, vitamins B2,B5, and B6, and microRNA expression profiles [23, 25].
Reduced pancreatic injury is associated with decreased histones 3 and histone 4 levels in the pancreas in response to taurocholate challenge [23], suggesting that histones are associated with pancreatic injury during SAP.
Sacquet, "Increase in the ileal absorption rate of sodium taurocholate in germ-free or conventional rats given an amylomaize-starch diet," The British Journal of Nutrition, vol.
Fujita et al., "Inhibition of nuclear factor-kB activation improves the survival of rats with taurocholate pancreatitis," Gut, vol.
Daga Gordini, "Conformational changes induced in [alpha]-elastin by cholesterol, taurocholate and unsaturated fatty acids," International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, vol.