taxidermy


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

taxidermy

(tăk`sĭdûr'mē), process of skinning, preserving, and mounting vertebrate animals so that they still appear lifelike. The fur or feathers are cleaned, and the skin, treated with a cleansing and preserving preparation, is mounted on an artificial skeleton. At first, taxidermy was used for the preservation of skins, hunting trophies, and travel souvenirs. Animals were literally stuffed; they were hung downward and filled with straw. Today, taxidermy is employed mainly by museums of science, although by the early years of the 21st cent. the use of this process in dioramas and other museum displays had become much less common. Carl E. AkeleyAkeley, Carl Ethan
, 1864–1926, American naturalist, animal sculptor, and author, b. Orleans co., N.Y. He served (1887–95) at the Museum of Milwaukee; from 1895 to 1909 he was at the Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago, and from 1909 he was affiliated with the
..... Click the link for more information.
 devised a method of mounting that is now standard. The true contours of the specimen are preserved by making a clay model, exactly duplicating the animal's muscle structure, over an armature that includes the original skeleton or parts of it. A plaster mold is then made, from which is produced a light, durable frame that holds the skin in position. Synthetic materials, especially celluloids, are now often used to reproduce the true color and translucence of such specimens as reptiles and fishes.

Bibliography

See M. Milgrom, Still Life (2010).

Taxidermy

 

the stuffing and mounting of animals, in which a metal or wooden framework forms the base. If soft stuffing material is used, such as oakum or cotton batting, the necessary shape is imparted as the hide is stuffed. If an artificial body is used, the skin is stretched over a rigid model of the animal. The artificial body is a copy of the animal in a particular pose. It may be made by winding soft material onto a framework, or it may consist of a metal mesh, papier-mâché, or plastic. (See alsoPREPARATION.)

REFERENCE

Zaslavskii, M. A. Izgotovlenie chuchel, muliazhei i modelei zhivotnykh: Obshchaia taksidermiia. Leningrad, 1968.
References in periodicals archive ?
For more information on Chuck Testa and Ojai Valley Taxidermy please visit: Ojaitaxidermy.
Dave's interest in taxidermy was born when he was a child.
Slamseys Art's taxidermy tutor Elle Kaye says, "I do not view death as disgusting or offensive, and feel that all creatures are beautiful in death as well as life.
Her blog is now in its fifth year and is considered the oldest and biggest online collection of bizarre taxidermy from around the world" Her blog is now in its fifth year and is considered the oldest and biggest online collection of bizarre taxidermy from around the world and has been featured in national newspapers and television.
Feline animals like wild cats in taxidermy are more expensive.
The UAE could do worse than nip this growing business of taxidermy in the bud.
We have been in business for over 50 years and have now created more than 500,000 of the world's finest made marine taxidermy and replica fish mounts.
Head Quarters Taxidermy Supply will remain based in Raleigh, with Morgan continuing as president, and Jeremy Morgan serving as vice president.
Snowdonia Taxidermy Services (STS) won two prizes at the Conwy Rural Business Awards, held at the Eagles hotel in Llanrwst.
Walking into Bruce Tadeyeske's taxidermy shop is almost like stepping into a natural history museum.
Mounted in Alaska" is a reality series about taxidermy on the History Channel that premiered in April and features Jackson native Russell Knight.
Beatrice May Ross knows she is fortunate to work after school and on weekends and holidays in the taxidermy department of the Museum of Natural History.